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张月侠,赛道建,孙承凯.2014.山东济南发现长尾鸭.动物学杂志,49(4):578.
山东济南发现长尾鸭
Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis) Was Found in Jinan, Shandong Province
投稿时间:2014-03-20  修订日期:2014-07-01
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201404026
中文关键词:  山东 长尾鸭
英文关键词:Shandong Long-tailed Duck
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张月侠 山东博物馆 山东 济南 zhyx1982@126.com 
赛道建 山东师范大学 山东 济南  
孙承凯 山东博物馆 山东 济南  
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中文摘要:
      作者在济南黄河北岸进行冬季水鸟调查时,先后于2013年11月30日、12月4日及7日,3日在次鹊山水库沉沙池(36°74′29.0″N, 116°98′41.3″E,海拔19m)发现同一水域的水面上有1-3只与其它水鸟明显不同的中型鸭,有时与小鸊鷉(Tachybaptus ruficollis)、绿翅鸭(Anas crecca)或小鸊鷉、凤头鸊鷉(Podiceps cristatus)、斑头秋沙鸭(Tadorna ferruginea)、普通秋沙鸭(Mergus merganse)等混群在一起活动,或单独活动;游泳潜水进行觅食活动,潜水时间比鸊鷉和秋沙鸭要长。见到有人驻足观察,除绿翅鸭马上飞走外,其余的或潜水或游向远方,受惊时可与秋沙鸭伴飞,但速度较慢。我们马上用配有EF100-400MM镜头的佳能7D相机进行拍摄。照片显示,该鸭嘴基、端部黑而近端部菊黄色。头颈部白色,面部灰色,与上颈侧部的显著黑色斑块相连。体白色,胸部具显著兜状黑斑,黑色翅折叠时为白色体羽掩盖而呈条斑状。尾长、黑色,游泳时明显翘起(见照片)。
英文摘要:
      In the winter of 2013,authors surveyed waterbirds at the north shore of Yellow River in Jinan. On the November 30th and December 4rd ,7th , we found 3 ducks were very different from others in the same water area(36°74′29.0″N, 116°98′41.3″E, 19m above sea level) in the Reservior of Queshan, they were swimming with Little Grebe(Tachybaptus ruficollis), Green-winged Teal(Anas crecca), Great Crested Grebe(Podiceps cristatus), Smew(Tadorna ferruginea), Goosander (Mergus merganse) or along, while diving to feed. How long they diving were longer than other ducks. With the help of canon 7D witch EF100-400MM lens, we took pictures for them which were lagely white; bread, back dark brown; scapulars pearl gray; stubby bill shows pink band; long tail is conspicuous in flight.
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