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黎采微,路波,陈廷,刘流,朱海峰,刘德富,王翔,石小涛.2014.青鱼逃逸过程中的疾冲-滑行游泳行为.动物学杂志,49(6):860-866.
青鱼逃逸过程中的疾冲-滑行游泳行为
The Burst-coast Behavior in Escape Response of Black Carp
投稿时间:2014-05-08  修订日期:2014-10-30
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201406009
中文关键词:  青鱼  逃逸  滑行  速度  加速度
英文关键词:Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)  Escape  Coast  Speed  Acceleration
基金项目:水利部公益性行业科研专项(No.201201030),水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室开放基金项目,三峡库区生态环境教育部工程研究中心开放基金项目(No.KF2013-03)
作者单位E-mail
黎采微 三峡大学 563115158@qq.com 
路波 三峡大学  
陈廷 三峡大学  
刘流 三峡大学  
朱海峰 三峡大学  
刘德富 三峡大学  
王翔 三峡大学  
石小涛 三峡大学
水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室 
sxtshanghai@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      本实验以青鱼(Mylopharyngodon piceus)为研究对象,定性分析了通过电击实验鱼受到惊吓而产生的快速逃逸游泳行为,并定量分析了其疾冲游泳过程中加速度、最大疾冲游泳加速度和减速过程中的加速度。在自然光照下,保持实验水温为(20.0±1.0)℃。青鱼的3种不同体长规格分别为稚鱼(9.21±1.89)cm(n=30)、幼鱼(17.83±2.67)cm(n=30)和亚成体(61.45±0.80)cm(n=10)。实验过程中发现实验鱼逃逸游泳行为主要以疾冲-滑行的游泳方式进行,即实验鱼到达最大疾冲速度后身体保持固定直线不变的形式减速。3种实验体长的青鱼,其对应的最大绝对逃逸速度分别为(1.261±0.279)m/s、(1.542±0.280)m/s和(2.292±0.567)m/s,到达最大逃逸速度的时间分别为(0.249±0.089)s、(0.293±0.067)s和(0.216±0.024) s,对应的最大相对逃逸速度(实验鱼每秒内游泳距离相对于体长的倍数)分别为(13.694±3.032)BL/s、(8.648±1.571)BL/s和(3.729±0.923)BL/s。单因素方差分析表明,实验鱼的绝对疾冲速度随体长的增加而增加,亚成体的最大疾冲游泳速度显著大于稚鱼(P<0.05);相对疾冲速度随体长的增加而减小,3种实验鱼之间的最大相对疾冲游泳速度均存在显著性差异(P<0.05);亚成体的绝对滑行游泳加速度的绝对值显著高于幼鱼和稚鱼(P<0.05)。3种实验鱼之间的相对滑行加速度不存在显著性差异(P>0.05)。
英文摘要:
      This experiment studied the escapement behavior of black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) . The rapid escapement behavior of tested fish triggered by electric shock was analyzed qualitatively, and the acceleration, maximum acceleration and deceleration during sprinting were analyzed quantitatively. The experiment was conducted in natural light condition with water temperature of 20 ± 1 ℃. The tested fish were categorized to 3 groups according to body length: Young fish (9.21 ± 1.89) cm (n=30), Juvenile fish ( 17.83 ± 2.67 ) cm (n=30), Sub-adult fish ( 61.45 ± 0.80 ) cm (n=10). The results showed that the maximum absolute escape speeds of tested fish corresponding to 3 different size groups were 1.261 ± 0.279 m/s, 1.542 ± 0.280 m/s and 2.292 ± 0.567 m/s, the time to reach the highest sprinting speed were (0.249±0.089) s, (0.293±0.067) s and (0.216±0.024) s, the maximum relative escape speeds(Multiple to length to fish swimming distance in per second) were (13.694 ± 3.032) BL/s, (8.648 ± 1.571) BL/s and (3.729 ± 0.923) BL/s. Fish slowed down to coast with the body kept steady (no tail-beat) when test fish reached the best sprinting speed. One-way ANOVA. difference analysis showed that the absolute sprinting speed of tested fish increased as body length increased and Sub-adult fish (61.45±0.80 cm) had a faster absolute sprinting speed than Young fish (9.21±1.89 cm) (P < 0.05) (Fig.2); while the relative sprinting speed of tested fish decreased as the body length increased, presenting significant difference in the maximum relative sprinting speed among the 3 tested groups (P < 0.05)(Fig.4); the value of absolute coast deceleration of the Sub-adult fish significantly higher than that of the Young fish and Juvenile fish (17.83±2.67 cm) (P < 0.05) (Fig.5); there is no significant difference in the relative coast acceleration among the 3 tested groups (P>0.05) (Fig.5).
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