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余泽辉,耿毅,汪开毓,周燕,邓梦玲,刘丹,陈成,徐敬钧,范玉蕾.2015.大鳄龟感染蛙病毒的PCR检测及组织病理分析.动物学杂志,50(1):68-74.
大鳄龟感染蛙病毒的PCR检测及组织病理分析
PCR Detection and Pathohistological Analysis of Ranavirus Infection in Alligator Snapping Turtle
投稿时间:2014-05-27  修订日期:2014-12-29
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201501009
中文关键词:  大鳄龟  蛙病毒  组织病理  PCR检测
英文关键词:PCR Detection and Pathohistological Analysis of Ranavirus Infection in Alligator Snapping Turtle
基金项目:四川省科技支撑项目(No.2014NZ0027)
作者单位E-mail
余泽辉 四川农业大学动物医学院 yuzehuisicau@163.com 
耿毅 四川农业大学动物医学院 gengyisicau@126.com 
汪开毓 四川农业大学动物医学院  
周燕 四川农业大学动物医学院  
邓梦玲 四川农业大学动物医学院  
刘丹 四川农业大学动物医学院  
陈成 四川农业大学动物医学院  
徐敬钧 四川农业大学动物医学院  
范玉蕾 四川农业大学动物医学院  
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中文摘要:
      2013年3月成都市某海洋馆送检2只发病大鳄龟(Macrochelys temminckii),临床特征表现为:精神状态萎靡,爬行无力,对外界刺激反应迟钝;颈部和四肢局部红肿,腹甲溃烂,严重部位甚至穿孔,最后死亡。为明确患病大鳄龟的病因,本研究进行了细菌学、组织病理学和PCR检查。细菌学检查阴性;病理组织学观察发现,大鳄龟多组织、器官均发生严重病变,尤其是肾、肝、肺和心的损伤最为严重,表现为明显的变性、坏死和炎症细胞浸润,并在一些病变组织细胞浆内见嗜酸性或嗜碱性包涵体。针对蛙病毒(Ranavirus)的特异性 PCR 检测中扩增出蛙病毒主要衣壳蛋白(MCP)基因500 bp的目的片段,测序后的DNA序列与GenBank中已知核酸序列进行Blast比对,发现其与GenBank中的蛙病毒主要衣壳蛋白基因同源性达95% ~ 99%。根据组织病理特点及PCR检测结果推测大鳄龟的死亡是感染蛙病毒所致。
英文摘要:
      In March 2013, two diseased alligator snapping turtles (Macrochelys temminckii) were collected from a aquarium in Chengdu (Sichuan Province, China) and they were transferred alive to the Key Laboratory of Animal Disease and Human Health of Sichuan Province. Symptoms included energetic dispirited, crawled in weakness, slow response to external stimulation; local redness and swelling in the the neck and limbs, plastron ulcerated and perforated (Fig. 1). Bacteriologic test, pathology observation and PCR detection were performed to identify the etiological factors of alligator snapping turtle. Bacteriologic test was negative; Histopathologically, the lesions were appeared in multi-organs and tissues, especially in kidney, liver, lung and heart. The main pathologic lesions were degeneration, necrosis and infiltration of the inflammation cells, and with acidophilic or basophilia cytoplasm of inclusions. Intracytoplasmic inclusions may be found in various cell types, including (Fig. 2). In addition, The PCR results of two samples were positive for ranavirus. A 500 bp fragment (Fig. 3) of the major capsid protein gene was amplified and sequenced. GenBank BLAST searches on the sequences revealed identities of 95% to 99% with that of ranavirus. From the PCR results and pathological character, we speculated that ranavirus infection caused the death of the alligator snapping turtle.
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