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宋乔蕊,扬成,刘鹏,赵文阁.2015.人工饲养条件下胎生蜥蜴蜕皮行为的观察.动物学杂志,50(3):366-371.
人工饲养条件下胎生蜥蜴蜕皮行为的观察
Molting Behavior of the Common Lizard Zootoca vivipara in Captivity
投稿时间:2014-09-28  修订日期:2015-04-29
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201503006
中文关键词:  胎生蜥蜴  蜕皮行为  蜕皮次数  蜕皮周期  生长曲线
英文关键词:Zootoca vivipara  Molting Behavior  Molting times  Molting cycle  Growth curve
基金项目:哈尔滨师范大学大学生创新团队,哈尔滨师范大学科技发展预研项目(No. 11XYG-04),哈尔滨师范大学硕士研究生创新科研项目(hsdsscx2014-30),国家自然科学基金项目(31172079),哈尔滨师范大学青年学术骨干资助计划项目(11KXQ-02)
作者单位E-mail
宋乔蕊 哈尔滨师范大学 生命科学与技术学院 哈尔滨 150025 478614640@qq.com 
扬成 哈尔滨师范大学 生命科学与技术学院 哈尔滨 150025  
刘鹏 哈尔滨师范大学 生命科学与技术学院 哈尔滨 150025 liupeng111111@163.com 
赵文阁 哈尔滨师范大学 生命科学与技术学院 哈尔滨 150025  
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中文摘要:
      2014年5 ~ 8月,采用直接观察的方法,在实验室条件下,对胎生蜥蜴(Zootoca vivipara)的蜕皮行为进行了观察和研究。结果表明,胎生蜥蜴成体在繁殖期间(6 ~ 7月份)的蜕皮次数为0 ~ 3次,不同性别之间的蜕皮次数没有显著差异,且蜕皮次数与个体的体长、体重无关。成体的蜕皮周期不恒定,最短为8 d左右,与仔蜥的蜕皮周期基本相同。仔蜥的蜕皮行为与其异速生长有关,且随着蜕皮行为次数的增加,蜕皮过程的持续时间逐渐减少。胎生蜥蜴成体的蜕皮一般较为完整,除一小部分外,均可翻转后完成蜕皮,而仔蜥不翻转,这种特殊的蜕皮方式可能与人工饲养条件有关,也可能与胎生蜥蜴栖息地的气候条件、行为策略等因素相关。
英文摘要:
      The molting behavior of common lizard (Zootoca vivipara) was observed directly in the laboratory from May to August, 2014. These lizards were transported to our laboratory in Harbin and were housed in the communal cage with moist soil, grasses and pieces of clay tile provided as shelter sites. Food including mealworm larvae (Tenebrio molitor) and house crickets (Achetus domestica) dusted with multivitamins and minerals and water were provided daily. Hatchlings were collected, weighed and measured the same as adults every 15 days. Molting behavior, times and cycle of the lizards were record at 8:00, 10:00, 14:00 and 16:00 in a day, respectively. All statistical analyses were performed with the SPSS 13.0. We used linear regression analysis, correlation analysis, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and LSD test to analyze the corresponding data. Throughout the paper, values are presented as Mean SE, and the significance level is set at α = 0.05. The result shows that the molting times of adult common lizards range from 0 to 3 in their breeding period (from June to July) in this study. The molting times of two sexes are not significant difference and not positively correlated with body length and body weight (Table 1). Different with the neonate, the molt of the most adult lizard is usually complete and everted except a small part (Fig 1a, 1b). Molting times do not differ significantly between males and females of Zootoca vivipara (Fig 2). The molting cycle of the adult lizard is not fixed which lasting for 8 days at least. It is same with the neonate lizard (Fig 3). The molting behavior of the neonate lizard is correlated to its allometry and the lasting time of molting is negative correlation with the molting times (Fig 4). The special way of molting in the common lizard may be associated to the artificial feeding condition, or the original living environment as well as their behavior strategy and other relevant factors.
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