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杨文,万莉,朱津永,陆开宏,徐镇,王乃光.2015.四明湖水库浮游动物群落演替.动物学杂志,50(5):780-789.
四明湖水库浮游动物群落演替
Community Succession of Zooplankton in Siminghu Reservoir
投稿时间:2014-10-29  修订日期:2015-07-13
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201505015
中文关键词:  四明湖水库  浮游动物  群落特征  演替变化
英文关键词:Siminghu Reservoir  Zooplankton  Community structure  Succession principles
基金项目:国家教育部博士点基金;宁波市海洋与渔业专项资金项目
作者单位E-mail
杨文 宁波大学海洋学院 waithiei@126.com 
万莉 宁波大学海洋学院  
朱津永 宁波大学海洋学院  
陆开宏 宁波大学海洋学院 lukaihong@nbu.edu.cn 
徐镇 宁波大学海洋学院  
王乃光 余姚市四明湖水库管理局  
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中文摘要:
      于2012年8月至2013年7月对四明湖水库水体理化特性以及浮游动物的种类、数量和生物量进行逐月采样调查,分析了水库的浮游动物群落特征及其影响因子。调查期间共检测到浮游动物150种,丰度198.0 ~ 7 258.0 ind/L,年平均3 795.2 ind/L,生物量0.28 ~ 5.64 mg/L,年均值为1.11 mg/L,浮游动物丰度和生物量空间差异不显著,但季节变化明显。对应分析(CA)和后续拟合表明,水温、叶绿素a、总磷、真光层深度、氨氮以及水位是驱动浮游动物结构变化的主要环境因子,各点的影响因子间存在空间差异性。对比24年前历史资料,发现四明湖水库浮游动物数量和生物量均减少,浮游动物出现小型化,推测认为是鱼类捕食的下行效应、蓝藻密度增加及蓝藻产生藻毒素增加影响浮游动物繁殖力所致。水质评价结果表明,四明湖水库目前处于中营养水平,但有向富营养型发展的趋势。
英文摘要:
      In order to analyze the community structure of zooplankton and its influence factors in Siminghu Reservoir, the species and abundance of zooplankton and the physical-chemical factors were tracked by month from August 2012 to July 2013. 150 species of zooplankton were identified in Siminghu reservoirs, and the ranges of cell abundance and biomass were 198.0﹣7 258.0 ind/L and 0.28﹣5.64 mg/L, respectively. Analysis of variance showed that both of the abundance and biomass had a significant seasonal variation but no spatial difference, as was showed in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2. Correspondence analysis was used to demonstrate the relationship between the zooplankton community and the physical-chemical factors. The result, as was displayed in Table 2 and Fig. 4, showed that water temperature, chlorophyll a, total phosphorus, euphotic layer, ammonia nitrogen and water level were the dominant factors affecting zooplankton community structure. Spatial differences existed in the dominant factors between the sample points. A decrease in the abundance and biomass and miniaturization in the size of zooplankton were found by comparing with the date from 24 years ago, which possibly resulting from top-down effect by fish predation and zooplankton fertility decline caused by the increase of cyanobacteria density and microcystin. Water quality evaluation results show that the reservoir is at a mesotrophic stage now, but has the trend of increasing to eutrophic stage.
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