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王秀娟,张育辉,李忻怡.2015.环境信号诱导发育的可塑性.动物学杂志,50(6):974-985.
环境信号诱导发育的可塑性
Environmental Signals Induce Developmental Plasticity
投稿时间:2014-11-21  修订日期:2015-10-30
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201506018
中文关键词:  表型可塑性  环境  进化  生态发育生物学
英文关键词:Ecological developmental biology  Phenotypic plasticity  Environment  Evolution
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费项目(GK 201503050);
作者单位E-mail
王秀娟 陕西师范大学 wangxiujuan132161@163.com 
张育辉 陕西师范大学  
李忻怡 陕西师范大学 lixinyi@snnu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      有关环境因素作为影响发育的信号导致产生表观多型性的研究,属于遗传学、发育生物学、进化生物学和生态学研究领域的热点问题,在长期的积淀和拓展中形成了一门新的交叉学科——生态发育生物学。该学科以发育的可塑性为理论基础,研究多种环境因子诱导机体在发育中产生表观多型性的机制,包括非遗传多型性和应激性多型性。对于环境、发育和进化三者关系的研究尤为重视。本文介绍了该学科形成的背景,并对其研究主题进行分析和归纳,重点讨论了不同环境因子导致动物表观多型性的机制,包括季节和捕食者诱导的非遗传多型性,营养和激素调节社会性昆虫的品级分化,温度依赖型性别决定中的基因、酶与激素,动物对环境的适应与进化,机体的免疫应答与神经元的可塑性、环境污染物的致畸作用等。并对生态学与发育生物学结合的未来研究前景做了展望。
英文摘要:
      The environmental factors work as signals to influence the development, thus lead to the polymorphism occurrence. The problem above has always been a hot issue in the field of genetics, developmental biology, evolutionary biology and ecology, and it becomes an interdisciplinary field - “Ecological developmental biology”, based on the long-term accumulation and expansion of research result. The subject area, based on the theory of developmental plasticity, explores the mechanism of environmental factors which induce the variety phenotypes during development process, including polymorphism and reaction norms. It has been highly valued the relationships among the environment, development and evolution. This paper is a review about the historic development background. Moreover, we have analyzed the research topics, and focused on the mechanism of the polymorphism produced through different environmental factors, including polymorphism induced by season and predators, the caste differentiation induced by various nutritional and hormonal in social insects, the relationship among temperature, enzymes and hormones in the environmental sex determination, the adaption and evolution, the immune response, the neuronal plasticity, the environmental pollutants and the malformation, etc. Furthermore, the research prospects of ecological developmental biology have been discussed in this paper.
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