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李淑红,张国钢,刘冬平,候韵秋,江红星,陆军.2015.青海湖鸻鹬类群落特征和时空分布.动物学杂志,50(5):677-685.
青海湖鸻鹬类群落特征和时空分布
The Surveys on Waders Community at Qinghai Lake, China
投稿时间:2014-12-09  修订日期:2015-08-28
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201505002
中文关键词:  鸻鹬类  多样性  群落  青海湖  渤海湾
英文关键词:Waders  Diversity  Community  Qinghai Lake  Bohai Ba
基金项目:国家林业局林业公益性行业科研专项(201404404)和野生动物疫病主动监测与预警系统维护项目资助。* 通讯作者, E-mail: zm7672@caf.ac.cn第一
作者单位E-mail
李淑红 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所 ilishuhong@163.com 
张国钢 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所 zm7672@caf.ac.cn 
刘冬平 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所  
候韵秋 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所  
江红星 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所  
陆军 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所  
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中文摘要:
      于2006年至2009年间对青海湖15个地点的鸻鹬类进行了14次资源调查,以期对青海湖旅游业开发及保护管理提供科学依据。共记录到鸻鹬类26种,隶属于鸻形目3科,占鸻鹬类物种总数的20.2%。红脚鹬(Tringa totanus)、环颈鸻(Charadrius alexandrinus)和黑尾塍鹬(Limosa limosa)是优势种,主要集中分布在泉湾。黑马河和布哈河口多样性最高,这与其栖息地适宜性有关。青海湖鸻鹬类春季迁徙期主要集中在5月,高峰期比渤海湾晚一个月左右, 秋季迁徙期在8月下旬开始,较渤海湾早一个月左右,到10月份结束;青海湖主要物种与渤海湾差异较大。近年来,游客和游船数量等人为活动的增加导致青海湖产生局部污染,因此应重视环青海湖生态环境的保护管理,减少对鸻鹬类等水鸟栖息地的人为干扰。
英文摘要:
      The surveys on current status of waders at 15 sites of Qinghai Lake were conducted for 14 times from 2006 to 2009, with the aim of providing scientific basis on tourism development and conservation and management. Totally 26 species were recorded, under the Charadriiformes order, 3 families, accounting for 20.2% of the total wader species. Common Redshank Tringa tetanus, Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrines, and Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa weredominant species, almost mainly distributed in Quanwan. The diversity of Heimahe and Buhahekou were higher than the other sites, which related to its habitat suitability. Compared with Bohai Bay, spring migration peak of waders at Qinghai Lake occurred in May, which approximately a month later than Bohai Bay, and fall migration started from late August and ended in October, which approximately a month earlier than Bohai Bay. Dominant species in Qinghai Lake was quite different from Bohai Bay. In recent years, with the increasing numbers of tourists and sightseeing boats and other human activities, some habitats at Luci Island and Tiebuqiahekou had slightly eutrophication, which were not suitable for the waterbirds. It is suggested that conservation and management of ecological environment should be pay attention to reduce human disturbance at Qinghai Lake.
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