• 首页关于本刊期刊订阅编委会作者指南过刊浏览
王卓聪,王云,王超,罗玉梅,黄利亚,张睿,邰志娟,朴正吉.2015.长白山国家级自然保护区两栖类动物道路致死特征分析.动物学杂志,50(6):866-874.
长白山国家级自然保护区两栖类动物道路致死特征分析
Study on Road Mortality Characteristic of Amphibian on Tourism Highway of Changbai Mountain National Nature Reserve
投稿时间:2015-01-06  修订日期:2015-11-10
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201506006
中文关键词:  道路致死  两栖类  交通量  长白山自然保护区  道路生态学
英文关键词:Road mortality  Amphibains  Traffic volume  Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve  Road ecology
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
王卓聪 长白山科学研究院 吉林 133613 wangzhuocong1@sohu.com 
王云 交通运输部科学研究院 北京 100029  
王超 长白山科学研究院 吉林 133613  
罗玉梅 长白山科学研究院 吉林 133613  
黄利亚 长白山科学研究院 吉林 133613  
张睿 长白山科学研究院 吉林 133613  
邰志娟 长白山科学研究院 吉林 133613  
朴正吉 长白山科学研究院 吉林 133613 piao_1777@sina.com 
摘要点击次数: 1129
全文下载次数: 1797
中文摘要:
      为理解旅游道路交通导致的两栖类致死效应,于2007~2014年在环绕长白山国家级自然保护区的环长白山旅游公路、头道环区公路以及白山公路分别选取1条样线,采用直接计数法统计了交通致死的两栖类种类、数量、致死位置,共统计257次,累计调查样带总长2 441km。结果表明:道路致死两栖类种类有5种,累计致死个体数为7 910只,平均致死率为27.9只/ l0km;最容易遭受致死的两栖类动物是中国林蛙(Rana chensinensi)、东方铃蟾 (Bombina orientalis)、中华蟾蜍 (Bufo gargariza),这三种动物占到致死总数的96.3%;两栖类道路致死高峰期主在8月份,其次较集中出现在4~6月的繁殖期;从年度致死来看,除了中国林蛙和大蟾蜍致死率呈小幅度变化外,其他种类致死率总体呈下降趋势;不同月份两栖类总致死率与交通量显著相关 (r=0.913,p=0.004)。相应的,提出了缓解道路对两栖类动物负面影响的措施。
英文摘要:
      In order to study the effect of amphibians mortality caused by road traffic, one sample transect was choose separately on the Ring Changbai Mountain Scenic highway, Toudao road and Baishan road in the Changbai Mountain National Nature Reserve from 2007 to 2014. Amphibians road mortality species richnes, number, and location were recorded by direct counting method with the total length of sample survey was 2 441 km and 257 times. The results showed that 7 910 amphibians, belonging to 5 species were recorded as road killed with the average mortality was 27.9/ l0km. The most vulnerable species were Chinese Brown Frog (Rana chensinensi), Oriental Fire-bellied Toad (Bombina orientalis) and Asiatic toad (Bufo gargariza), for the mortality accounting for 96.3% of the total mortality. August was peak period for road mortality of amphibians, and then concentrated in breeding season from April to June. In the view of yearly mortality, all amphibian species tended to decline tendency except for Chinese Brown Frog and Asiatic toad, which only had small extent variation in different years. The monthly mortality was significant correlation with the monthly traffic volume (r=0.913,p=0.004). Accordingly, some protective measures of amphibians were provided.
附件
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器