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羊健鼎,陈懋,王力军,周建芬,王成华,胡静.2015.海南文昌昌洒荒坡地生境中蜡皮蜥繁殖期家域.动物学杂志,50(6):855-865.
海南文昌昌洒荒坡地生境中蜡皮蜥繁殖期家域
Home Range of Reevese′s Butterfly Lizard (Leiolepis reevesii) in the Breeding Season at Barren Slope Habitat of Changsa Town, Wenchang City, Hainan
投稿时间:2015-02-02  修订日期:2015-09-29
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201506005
中文关键词:  蜡皮蜥  家域  核域  繁殖期  无线电遥测  荒坡地
英文关键词:Leiolepis reevesii  Home range  Core area  Breeding season  Radio telemetry  Barren slope
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31260519,30900143)、海南省自然科学基金项目(808151);
作者单位E-mail
羊健鼎 海南师范大学生命科学学院 海口 571158 504467402@qq.com 
陈懋 海南师范大学生命科学学院 海口 571158清华大学环境学院 北京 100084  
王力军 海南师范大学生命科学学院 海口 571158 wanglijun_haikou@sina.com 
周建芬 海南师范大学生命科学学院 海口 571158海南嘉积中学 琼海 571400  
王成华 海南师范大学生命科学学院 海口 571158  
胡静 海南师范大学生命科学学院 海口 571158  
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中文摘要:
      为掌握蜡皮蜥繁殖期家域大小、家域内是否存在核域以及家域和核域的重叠程度,于2010年和2011年3月至5月,在海南文昌荒坡地生境中,应用无线电遥测技术对蜡皮蜥家域进行了研究,采用最小凸多边形、固定核域、线家域等方法分析了13只个体的家域大小和家域重叠度。结果表明:雄性100% MCP家域面积为14091.6±5718.0m2,显著大于雌性253.3±106.5m2(t=4.064, df=11, P=0.002);雄性95% FK和75% FK面积为10707.8±2388.5m2和3282.7±1022.8m2,分别显著大于雌性的379.1±74.1m2(t=7.262, df=11, P<0.001)和172.1±37.9m2(t=5.107, df=11, P<0.001);线家域雄性为205.8±52.5m,显著大于雌性25.0±2.0m(t=5.781, df=11, P=0.034);蜡皮蜥个体家域内核域明显,雄性核域为1380.5±429.1m2,显著大于雌性80.2±18.5m2(t=5.088, df=11, P<0.001),且雄性核域比例为10.9±3.9%,显著低于雌性33.3±6.1%(t=-7.834, df=11, P<0.001);雄性100% MCP面积不仅与头体长(SVL)之间线性相关显著(n=10, r=0.815, P=0.004),而且与体重(BM)之间也具有明显的线性相关(n=10, r=0.683, P=0.029),而雌性只有头体长(SVL)与100% MCP面积之间具有显著相关性(n=3, r=0.998, P=0.044);个体之间具有家域重叠,雄性个体之间100% MCP家域重叠指数为0.26±0.17,显著低于雌性0.66±0.02(t=-3.372, df=34, P=0.002),而雄性个体之间核域重叠指数为0.02±0.02,雌性为0.01。
英文摘要:
      To master the home range size of reevese’s butterfly lizard and whether there exists a core area in each home range and the intrasexual overlap degree of home range and core area during the breeding season, 13 individuals were tracked by radio telemetry in the period of March to May 2010 and 2011 in the barren slope habitat of Wenchang, Hainan Island, China. The home range size and overlap degree of each individuals were calculated by minimum convex polygon (100% MCP) and fixed kernel (95%, 75% and 50% FK) methods. The results indicate that the 100% MCP home range of males (14091.6±5718.0m2) was significantly larger than that of females (253.3±106.5m2)(t=4.064, df=11, P=0.002). Males had significantly larger 95% FK (10707.8±2388.5m2) and 75% FK (3282.7±1022.8m2) home range than females (379.1±74.1m2 and 172.1±37.9m2). The home range length of males (205.8±52.5m) was significantly larger than that of females (25.0±2.0m) (t=5.781, df=11, P=0.034). There existed a apparent core area in the home range for all individuals, males (1380.5±429.1m2) had significantly larger core area than females (80.2±18.5m2) (t=5.088, df=11, P<0.001), and the ratio of core area to 100% MCP home range of males (10.9±3.9%) was significantly lower than that of females (33.3±6.1%) (t=-7.834, df=11, P<0.001). There were significant linear correlations between 100% MCP home range and SVL of males (n=10, r=0.815, P=0.004) and females (n=3, r=0.998, P=0.044), and between 100% MCP home range and body mass of males (n=10, r=0.683, P=0.029). The 100% MCP home range overlap degree of males (0.26±0.17) was significantly lower than that of females (0.66±0.02) (t=-3.372, df=34, P=0.002), and the core area overlap degree of males and females was 0.02±0.02 and 0.01 respectively.
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