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李锋,余文华,吴毅,陈柏承,张秋萍,原田正史,本川雅治,王英永,李玉春.2016.广东发现泰坦尼亚彩蝠及其回声定位声波特征.动物学杂志,51(1):14-21.
广东发现泰坦尼亚彩蝠及其回声定位声波特征
Discovery of Titania’s Woolly Bat (Kerivoula titania) in Guangdong Province (China) and Its Echolocation Calls
投稿时间:2015-03-17  修订日期:2015-12-09
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201601002
中文关键词:  翼手目(蝙蝠)  泰坦尼亚彩蝠  广东省  新纪录  回声定位声波
英文关键词:Chiroptera (Bats)  Kerivoula titania  Guangdong province  new record  echolocation calls
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
李锋 广州大学生命科学学院/华南生物多样性保护与利用重点实验室 lifeng17512@163.com 
余文华 广州大学生命科学学院/华南生物多样性保护与利用重点实验室  
吴毅 广州大学生命科学学院/华南生物多样性保护与利用重点实验室 wuyizhouq@263.net 
陈柏承 广州大学生命科学学院/华南生物多样性保护与利用重点实验室  
张秋萍 广州大学生命科学学院/华南生物多样性保护与利用重点实验室  
原田正史 大阪市立大学医学部动物实验中心  
本川雅治 京都大学综合博物馆  
王英永 中山大学生命科学学院  
李玉春 山东大学(威海)海洋学院  
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中文摘要:
      于2014年4月在广东封开黑石顶省级自然保护区,使用竖琴网采集到4只体形较小的雌性蝙蝠标本,其形态特征为无鼻叶结构,具漏斗状耳廓和披针形耳屏,前臂长32.30 ~ 34.11 mm,胫骨长16.47 ~ 17.72 mm;头骨较扁平,颅全长13.99 ~ 14.59 mm,脑颅高4.66 ~ 5.17 mm;齿式为2.1.3.3/3.1.3.3 = 38。经鉴定为泰坦尼亚彩蝠(Kerivoula titania),是广东省翼手目分布新纪录。首次报道了该种蝙蝠的回声定位声波特征,声波类型属于调频FM型,峰频(114.3 ± 3.9)kHz,带宽(117.8 ± 12.3)kHz,脉冲持续时间(1.7 ± 0.3)ms,脉冲间隔时间(12.9 ± 1.3)ms。标本现保存于广州大学生命科学学院。
英文摘要:
      This study present a new record of bat distribution in Guangdong province, China. 4 small female bats were collected by harp traps in evergreen forest mixed with sparse bamboo in Nature Reserve of Guangdong Fengkai Heishiding in April, 2014. After checked the bats’ characteristics of pelage colour, external morphology, skull and dental, they were identified as Titania’s woolly bat (Kerivoula titania). The dorsal surface hairs are greyish, with black in basal, light grey in mid-parts and dark grey on tips. The ventral surface hairs are black-brown, with black in roots and grey-brown on tips. External morphology with funnel-shaped ears and long-lanceolated tragus, no extra noseleaf structure. Small body with 32.30 ~ 34.11 mm of forearm length and 16.47 ~ 17.72 mm of tibia length, flattened skull with 13.99 ~ 14.59 mm of greatest length and 4.66 ~ 5.17 mm of height. The dental formula of these specimens is 2.1.3.3/3.1.3.3 = 38 (Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Table 1). Use Petterson D500x (Sweden) to recording the bats echolocation calls in free flying status indoor and analysed on BatSound v.4.1.4. Use SPSS v.19 to count the analysis results. Their echolocation calls were frequency modulated (FM) with high main frequency 114.3 ± 3.9 kHz, long frequency bandwidth 117.8 ± 12.3 kHz, duration time 1.7 ± 0.3 ms and interval time 12.9 ± 1.3 ms (Fig. 3, Table 2). It is the first time to describe the echolocation calls of this species. The discovery of K. titania in Nature Reserve of Guangdong Fengkai Heishiding represent a new record in Guangdong province, China. These specimens were preserved in School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou University.
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