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张鸣天,刘丙万,刘丹.2015.吉林珲春地区野猪危害防控研究.动物学杂志,50(6):821-829.
吉林珲春地区野猪危害防控研究
The research on the damage control of wild boar(Sus scrofa)around Hunchun area, Jilin Province
投稿时间:2015-03-31  修订日期:2015-10-28
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201506001
中文关键词:  野猪,东北虎,人与野猪冲突,危害防控,珲春
英文关键词:Wild  boar(Sus  scrofa), Siberian  tiger(Panthera  tigris altaica), conflict  between human  and wild  boar,damage  control,Hunchun
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张鸣天 东北林业大学野生动物资源学院 1024253041@qq.com 
刘丙万 东北林业大学野生动物资源学院 liubw1@sina.com 
刘丹 东北虎林园  
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中文摘要:
      近年来人与野生动物冲突日趋严重。2012年5月到2014年10月,利用东北虎粪便、声音在吉林珲春地区开展了野猪危害防控研究。以采取防控措施到野猪进入实验样地或对照样地的时间间隔作为防控有效期;以实验结束时,实验样地内放置东北虎粪便、播放器位置或对照样地中心点与样地内野猪危害发生处的最短距离作为防控范围。将防控有效期和防控范围分别转化为有效期指数和范围指数。结果表明:(1)东北虎粪便对野猪危害防控效果显著,与对照组相比,有效期指数和范围指数均存在显著差异(P<0.05);(2)播放东北虎声音对野猪危害防控效果显著,与对照组相比,有效期指数和范围指数均差异显著(P<0.05);(3)同时应用东北虎粪便、声音防控野猪危害效果显著,与对照组相比,有效期指数和范围指数均差异显著(P<0.05);(4)各种防控方法之间,有效期指数和范围指数无显著差异(P>0.05)。东北虎粪便、声音对野猪危害防控效果显著与东北虎是野猪天敌且珲春地区存在东北虎有关。
英文摘要:
      The conflict between human and wildlife have been increasing dramatically in recent years. From May 2012 to October 2014, we carried out the research on the control of the conflict between human and wild boar with the feces and voice of Siberian tiger around Hunchun area, Jilin Province. The period of validity is defined the time span from the date of the measurements taken to the date of wild boar entering the farmland. Effective range is defined as the shortest distance from feces, player or the center of control farms to the site where wild boar damage appeared. We converted the period of validity and effective range to the period of validity index and the range index. The results show: (1) Compared with control farms, Siberian Tiger feces have significantly positive effect on wild boar damage control in the period of validity index and the range index(P<0.05); (2) Compared with control farms, Siberian Tiger voice have significantly positive effect on wild boar damage control in the period of validity index and the range index(P<0.05); (3) Compared with control farms, Siberian Tiger feces together with Siberian Tiger voice have significantly positive effect on wild boar damage control in the period of validity index and the range index (P<0.05); (4) Compare the measurements with each other, they have no significantly positive effect on wild boar damage control in the period of validity index and the range index(P<0.05). Siberian Tiger feces and voice have significantly positive effective on the wild boar damage control because Siberian Tiger is the natural enemy of wild boar and it exists around Hunchun area, Jilin Province.
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