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任月恒,杨立,张睿,吕江,黄木娇,雷倩,栾晓峰.2016.30年泰山繁殖鸟类种类变化.动物学杂志,51(5):761-770.
30年泰山繁殖鸟类种类变化
Species Variation of Breeding Birds over Thirty Years in Taishan Mountain Area
投稿时间:2015-07-24  修订日期:2016-08-19
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201605006
中文关键词:  种类变化  繁殖鸟类  三十年  调查  泰山
英文关键词:Species variation  Breeding birds  Thirty years  Investigation  Taishan Mountain
基金项目:国家科技支撑项目(2013BAC09B02)
作者单位E-mail
任月恒 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 ryhsafat@sina.com 
杨立 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 北京 100083  
张睿 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 北京 100083  
吕江 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 北京 100083  
黄木娇 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 北京 100083  
雷倩 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 北京 100083  
栾晓峰 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 luanxiaofeng@bjfu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      泰山位于山东省中部,是华北中东部地区海拔最高的山脉,地形多样,生境复杂,是鸟类重要的繁殖地和迁徙停歇地。根据1984 ~ 1988年和2013 ~ 2015年两个时期野外调查及访谈调查结果,比较了近30年泰山繁殖鸟类种类的组成变化。相比20世纪80年代记录的繁殖鸟类13目35科72种,2013 ~ 2015年的调查记录到繁殖鸟类11目34科84种,与30年前相比净增长12种繁殖鸟类,其中新增繁殖鸟类记录32种,消失鸟类记录20种。新增种类主要是林地和灌丛鸟类,多为东洋种,消失的种类主要是湿地和农田草地鸟类,多为古北种和广布种。鸟类新增和消失的原因多样,但主要是栖息地面积和质量的改变,同时私自放生也是一个重要原因。本研究结果可丰富泰山地区随时间尺度变化的鸟类本底数据,并为泰山鸟类的保护提供科学依据。
英文摘要:
      Taishan Mountain in central Shandong Province is the highest mountain over the centre and east part of North China, with various kinds of habitat and terrain, it is an important ecological region for the breeding and stopover of birds. We compared the variety of breeding bird species for nearly 30 years based on the results of field surveys and interviews in 1984﹣1988 and in 2013﹣2015 (line transects of the field survey are listed in Table 1). Compared with breeding bird species in the 1980s (13 orders, 35 families, 72 species), we recorded 84 species belonged to 34 families, 11 orders in the 2010s (Appendix 1), with 32 species new and 20 species disappeared. New recorded species are mainly forest and shrub birds, and most of them are oriental species; The disappeared species mainly lived in wetlands, farmlands and grasslands, and most of them are palaearctic and cosmopolitan species. Reasons for the addition and disappearance of breeding bird species are multiple, but the main reason is the changes of area and quality of habitats, and privately buy-and-release animals is another important reason. Our results could enrich the background data of bird community changes, and provide scientific support for bird protection in Taishan Mountain area.
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