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温立嘉,任永奇,邢小军,包小峰,白兆勇,吴俊卿,郭培荣,郭玉民.2017.鄂尔多斯蓑羽鹤小群体的GPS-GSM跟踪初步分析.动物学杂志,52(2):210-216.
鄂尔多斯蓑羽鹤小群体的GPS-GSM跟踪初步分析
Preliminary Analysis on the GPS-GSM Tracking of the Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo in Ordos
投稿时间:2016-02-25  修订日期:2017-02-18
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201702004
中文关键词:  鄂尔多斯高原  蓑羽鹤  GPS-GSM跟踪
英文关键词:Ordos Plateau  Demoiselle Crane, Anthropoides virgo  GPS-GSM tracking
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31570532)
作者单位E-mail
温立嘉 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 北京 100083 wenlj1992@126.com 
任永奇 鄂尔多斯遗鸥国家级自然保护区 鄂尔多斯 017000  
邢小军 鄂尔多斯遗鸥国家级自然保护区 鄂尔多斯 017000  
包小峰 鄂尔多斯遗鸥国家级自然保护区 鄂尔多斯 017000  
白兆勇 鄂尔多斯遗鸥国家级自然保护区 鄂尔多斯 017000  
吴俊卿 鄂尔多斯遗鸥国家级自然保护区 鄂尔多斯 017000  
郭培荣 鄂尔多斯遗鸥国家级自然保护区 鄂尔多斯 017000  
郭玉民 北京林业大学自然保护区学院 北京 100083 bird168@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      在内蒙古鄂尔多斯遗鸥国家级自然保护区已多次发现有一个孤立的蓑羽鹤(Anthropoides virgo)小种群在此地繁殖和度夏。2015年7月,在该地区为5只成年蓑羽鹤(3只繁殖,2只非繁殖)佩戴了中国湖南生产的GPS-GSM发射器。截止到5只蓑羽鹤全部离开鄂尔多斯高原,共获得7 794个GPS位点信息。通过跟踪信息了解到1只个体在9月18日死于鄂尔多斯高原的中西部,其余个体于9月末至10月初先后迁出鄂尔多斯高原。迁徙过程中的最快瞬时速度为93.1 km/h。4只个体迁出鄂尔多斯高原的时间和路线均略有不同。
英文摘要:
      A small and somewhat isolated subpopulation of the Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides virgo) has long been recored at the Ordos Relict Gulls National Nature Reserve of the Ordos Plateau of Inner Mongolia during the whole summer season, as summer breeders or visitors. In July 2015, 5 cranes (3 breeders and 2 non-breeders) were captured, worn GPS-GSM transmitters, and then released (Table 1). The transmitters could provide GPS sites every hour, with every GPS site of eight information, including longitude, latitude, speed, temperature, elevation and so on. Until all of them migrateing outside of the Ordos Plateau, 7 794 data of GPS sites of the cranes were collected. One bird died on September 18 in the central west part of the Ordos Upland while other 4 birds migrated outside Ordos Plateau in late September and early October. During migrating, the highest speed we recorded was 93.1 km per hour (Table 2). The activity of Demoiselle Crane in Ordos Plateau was divided into two stages. The cranes mainly roosted near Taolimiao-Alashan Lake and Houjia Lake in the first stage, and migrated outside Taolimiao-Alashan Lake and Houjia Lake until migrating outside of the Ordos Plateau in the second stage. In the first stage, breeders mainly roosted in Taolimiao-Alashan Lake and Houjia Lake, while non-breeders had a greater range of movement (Fig. 2). The time and migration routes of the four tracked Demoiselle Cranes migrating outside of the Ordos Plateau are little different (Fig. 3).
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