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尹志伟,徐润林.2016.蛭态轮虫及研究动态.动物学杂志,51(6):1129-1138.
蛭态轮虫及研究动态
Research Progress on Bdelloid Rotifers
投稿时间:2016-02-25  修订日期:2016-10-12
DOI:DOI: 10.13859/j.cjz.201606022
中文关键词:  蛭态轮虫  区系研究  孤雌生殖  低湿休眠
英文关键词:Bdelloidea  Rotifer fauna  Parthenogenesis  Anhydrobiosis
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31030015)
作者单位E-mail
尹志伟 中山大学生命科学学院 sumbit@foxmail.com 
徐润林 中山大学生命科学学院 xurunlin_1960@yahoo.com 
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中文摘要:
      蛭态轮虫是国际无脊椎动物学研究领域关注的热点话题之一。通过对国内外文献的调研,本文重点介绍了蛭态轮虫的形态结构和生物学特征;归纳阐述了蛭态轮虫在形态学、生物多样性与动物地理学、孤雌生殖和低湿休眠发生机理、横向基因转移等领域的最新研究进展。已有的蛭态轮虫研究成果不仅对经典遗传学、生物化学和生理学等的传统理论提出了新的挑战,同时在“转基因”生物安全、新药研究和基因治疗方面也具一定的参考意义;国际上对蛭态轮虫新种的报道和区系的研究成果对丰富全球无脊椎动物多样性以及完善动物地理分布模式都有重要的参考价值。基于该类轮虫研究的现状及其在生物学上意义,建议国内应加强蛭态轮虫的研究。
英文摘要:
      Based on the related literatures studying, this paper summarized the research progress on morphological and biological characteristics of the bdelloid rotifers with emphasis on their parthenogenesis and anhydrobiosis features as well as their mechanisms in bdelloid rotifers. The results of current researches on the bdelloid rotifers put forward new challenges to the traditional theories about classical genetics, biochemistry and physiology. These progresses also has certain reference on the safeties of “transgenic” organisms. The research reports on the new species bdelloid rotifer species and their fauna not only had rich global invertebrate biodiversity, but also provided important reference value on the improvement of the geographical distribution pattern for this group of animals. Based on the study status and its significance in academic of bdelloid rotifer, we suggest that it should strengthen the bdelloid rotifer research in domestic.
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