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王健,宋亦希,肖嘉杰,李玉龙,王英永,林石狮.2017.广州市花地湾市场龟鳖类调查.动物学杂志,52(2):244-252.
广州市花地湾市场龟鳖类调查
Survey on Turtle Trade in Huadiwan Market in Guangzhou
投稿时间:2016-05-03  修订日期:2016-12-21
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201702008
中文关键词:  广州  花地湾市场  龟类贸易  珍稀濒危  外来物种
英文关键词:Guangzhou  Huadiwan market  Turtle trade  Endangered turtles  Alien species
基金项目:广东环境保护工程职业学院院长基金项目(No. JG201509025)
作者单位E-mail
王健 中山大学生物博物馆 wangj397@mail.sysu.edu.cn 
宋亦希 香港浸会大学生物系  
肖嘉杰 广东省野生动物保护救助中心  
李玉龙 中国科学院成都生物研究所  
王英永 中山大学生物博物馆  
林石狮 广东环境保护工程职业学院 lionrei1@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      通过对广州市花地湾花鸟鱼虫市场贸易龟鳖类进行为期3年27次调查,共记录了9科29属41种或亚种,包括鳖科(Trionychidae)2属2种,两爪鳖科(Carettochelyidae)1属1种,龟科(Emydidae)4属5种,淡水龟科(Geoemydidae)10属18种,侧颈龟科(Chelidae)3属3种,动胸龟科(Kinosternidae)2属3种,鳄龟科(Chelydridae)2属2种,陆龟科(Testudinidae)4属6种,海龟科(Cheloniidae)1属1种。其中,国内龟鳖类共13种,外来物种共28种。受保护种类30种,所占比例达73.17%,部分龟类来源为野外捕捉。大量实体商家转入互联网进行精确营销,尤其是针对高价值的濒危种类,未来将着重对该隐蔽领域进行深入调查。
英文摘要:
      We conducted a market survey on turtle trade in Huadiwan, Guangzhou from 2012 to 2016 in order to investigate the amount of market trade and provided the basic data for further same study. We recorded a total of 41 turtle species across 9 families, 29 genera including two Trionychidae species, one Carettochelyidae species, five Emydidae species, 18 Geoemydidae species, three Chelidae species, three Kinosternidae species, two Chelydridae species, six Testudinidae species and one Cheloniidae. There were 28 alien turtle species were sold at this market and these species took a larger proportion (68.29%) than the native turtles (13 species with 31.71%). Of those turtles sold in the market, 30 species were listed as protected species, of which were captured from the field. Turtles around the world are suffered from market trade, especially those that distributed in China. The survey demonstrated the imperative to improve the wildlife protection law and regulation, as well as to identify the responsibilities of each relevant law enforcement agency. A large number of entity stores have already begun to sale turtles by the Internet, especially for the endangered species that with high economic value. Further investigations ocus on network marketing of turtles.need to carried out.
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