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蒋爱伍,周丕宁,蒋德梦,何超,于明娟,曾倩.2017.广西大明山鸟类群落组成、区系成分和垂直分布.动物学杂志,52(2):177-193.
广西大明山鸟类群落组成、区系成分和垂直分布
Species Composition, Fauna and Elevational Gradient Pattern of Birds in Damingshan, Southern Central Guangxi
投稿时间:2016-05-16  最后修改时间:2017-02-19
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201702001
中文关键词:  鸟类组成  生态分布  海拔梯度  生物区划  广西大明山
英文关键词:Bird composition  Ecological distribution  Elevational gradient pattern  Biogeographical division  Damingshan, Guangxi
基金项目:GEF广西综合林业与发展与保护和国家级保护区能力建设资金项目
作者单位E-mail
蒋爱伍 广西大学林学院 aiwuu@163.com 
周丕宁 广西大明山国家级自然保护区管理局  
蒋德梦 广西大学林学院  
何超 广西大学林学院  
于明娟 广西大学林学院  
曾倩 广西大学林学院  
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中文摘要:
      为了了解鸟类组成和海拔分布状况,利用样线法和固定调查点法于2007 ~ 2015年对广西大明山的鸟类进行了研究。在大明山共记录鸟类337种,隶属于17目56科。繁殖鸟类(包括留鸟和夏候鸟)共计234种,占大明山鸟类种数的69.4%,具有明显优势,构成了大明山鸟类区系组成的主体。大明山具有典型的华南区向华中区过渡的鸟类区系特征,67.1%的繁殖鸟类属于东洋型的种类。随着海拔的增加,东洋型的种类逐渐减少。依据海拔梯度和植被的不同,可以将大明山鸟类分成6个类群,鸟类总种数和繁殖鸟类种数均以海拔500 ~ 900 m的范围内最多,海拔200 ~ 500 m范围内鸟类次之。由于大明山地处热带南缘,本研究将为今后监测气候变暖对鸟类的影响提供依据。
英文摘要:
      The Damingshan is a famous mountain rising in southern central Guangxi, southern China. The vegetation of the Daminshan is diverse and varies primarily in different elevation: monsoon evergreen broadleaved forest below the elevation 1 100 m; evergreen, deciduous and coniferous mixed forest between the elevation 1 100 m and 1 400 m; elfin wood above the elevation 1 400 m. Bird composition, fauna and elevational gradient pattern were studied in Damingshan by 41 survey spots and 28 line transects from 2007 to 2015. Total of 337 bird species representing 17 orders and 56 families were recorded in this area, with 234 species (69.4% of total birds) of breeding birds including residents and summer migrants. Oriental birds would incline with the increasing of elevation in Damingshan (Table 1). We identified 6 bird habitats according to the difference of vegetation and elevation (Fig. 1). The most abundant area was distributed on the elevation around 500 m with 247 bird species including 182 breeding species, and the second was habitat of farmland and residential area on the elevation around 200 m with 227 bird species including 141 breeding species. Considering the distrubution range of some representative birds, the Damingshan Mountain should be an important boundary of birds between tropical and subtropical areas of Guangxi (Table 2). We suggest to list Damingshan as the fauna of southern China, but different with tropical fauna, because 67.1% of breeding birds in Damingshan are typically restricted to Oriental Pattern. Because of the unique location between tropical and south subtropical area, the knowledge of the elevational pattern of birds in Damingshan would be beneficial to assess the influence of climate change.
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