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陈继军,潘成坤,王英,姚伦贵,李莉,蒙春红,吴昌鞠,李宁.2017.雷山髭蟾生态初步观察.动物学杂志,52(4):668-674.
雷山髭蟾生态初步观察
Preliminary Study on the Ecological Habit of Leishan Moustache Toad (Vibrissphora leishanensis)
投稿时间:2016-08-04  修订日期:2017-06-16
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201704016
中文关键词:  贵州雷公山  雷山髭蟾  生态习性
英文关键词:Leigong Mountain in Guizhou  Leishan Moustache Toad, Vibrissaphora leishanensis  Ecological habit
基金项目:环保部贵州雷公山保护区2013年生物多样性保护项目,贵州省黔东南州科技计划项目(黔东南科合J字[2015]063号)。
作者单位E-mail
陈继军 贵州雷公山国家级自然保护区管理局 jijunchen@aliyun.com 
潘成坤 贵州雷公山国家级自然保护区管理局  
王英 贵州雷公山国家级自然保护区管理局  
姚伦贵 贵州雷公山国家级自然保护区管理局  
李莉 贵州雷公山国家级自然保护区管理局  
蒙春红 贵州雷公山国家级自然保护区管理局  
吴昌鞠 贵州雷公山国家级自然保护区管理局  
李宁 贵州雷公山国家级自然保护区管理局  
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中文摘要:
      雷山髭蟾(Vibrissphora leishanensis)主要栖息在植被类型保存较好、水源充足,海拔在800 ~ 2 100 m的山间小溪附近。每年大部分时间栖息在溪流附近陆地上比较阴暗潮湿的环境。雌雄抱对产卵从11月初开始,到月底基本结束。雌雄抱对产卵一般在午后和晚上,有集群产卵和雄蟾守窝护卵的现象。雷山髭蟾可能没有“冬眠”和“夏蛰”习性,即便有也可能很短暂。雷山髭蟾蝌蚪可能需要3年时间才发育成幼蛙。
英文摘要:
      Leishan Moustache Toad (Vibrissaphora leishanensis) is a special species that mainly inhabits nearby creeks at 800﹣2 100 m above sea level with the intact nature vegetation. They spend most of their time in the habitat near creeks, dark and highly humidity. In generally, Leishan Moustache Toad finish their matings and eggings by the end of November. Commonly, their mating behavior is easily observed in the afternoon and at night. They lay eggs in cluster style and the males provide guarding in the nests with eggs. No any hibernation and estivation behaviors were detected in the study area, or the hibernation and estivation would be very short if they did have such behavior. It will take 3 years for their tadpoles developing to the stage of froglets.
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