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刘会,何向阳,刘奇,简汉彪,张琴,黄继展,植诗雅,梁捷,彭真,孙云霄,彭兴文,刘志霄,张礼标.2017.无线电遥测技术研究澳门犬蝠的捕食区面积.动物学杂志,52(3):373-380.
无线电遥测技术研究澳门犬蝠的捕食区面积
Radio-tracking Studies on Foraging Areas of Short-nosed Fruit Bats Cynopterus sphinx in Macau
投稿时间:2016-09-27  修订日期:2017-04-01
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201703002
中文关键词:  犬蝠  无线电跟踪  捕食行为  澳门
英文关键词:Short-nosed Fruit Bat, Cynopterus sphinx  Radio telemetry  Foraging behavior  Macau
基金项目:澳门民政总署资助项目,广东省科技计划项目(No. 2013B050800024,2015A020209093),广东省科学院平台环境与能力建设专项(No. 2016GDASPT-0215);
作者单位E-mail
刘会 吉首大学生物资源与环境科学学院 吉首 416000广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260 liuhuis1992@163.com 
何向阳 广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260  
刘奇 广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260  
简汉彪 澳门民政总署 澳门特别行政区  
张琴 广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260  
黄继展 澳门民政总署 澳门特别行政区  
植诗雅 澳门民政总署 澳门特别行政区  
梁捷 广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260  
彭真 广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260  
孙云霄 广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260  
彭兴文 广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260  
刘志霄 吉首大学生物资源与环境科学学院 吉首 416000  
张礼标 广东省生物资源应用研究所 广州 510260 zhanglb@gdei.gd.cn 
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中文摘要:
      2015年5 ~ 12月,利用无线电跟踪方法对澳门路环3只犬蝠(Cynopterus sphinx;2♂♂,1♀)的捕食区进行研究。结果发现,3只犬蝠的月平均捕食区面积的大小差异显著(F3,23 = 77.854,P < 0.000 1),2雄性的捕食区面积分别为(1.6 ± 0.4)hm2(n = 8)和(17.9 ± 6.6)hm2(n = 8),雌性为(31.7 ± 4.7)hm2(n = 7);3只犬蝠的捕食区离日栖息地的平均距离差异亦显著(F3,23 = 16.034,P < 0.001),2雄性分别为(53.6 ± 12.4)m和(446.2 ± 68.8)m(二者均n = 8),雌性为(606.9 ± 94.7)m(n = 7);2雄性的捕食区存在部分重叠,但是雌性与2雄性的捕食区均无重叠。此外,不同月份犬蝠的捕食区面积呈现出一定的差异,冬季(11月和12月)捕食区面积相对较大,且雌性的10月份捕食区面积比相邻月份有所减少。本研究说明,犬蝠的捕食区通常靠近其日栖息地,捕食区面积中等,其面积大小具有较为明显的季节变化。
英文摘要:
      We investigated the foraging area of three individuals (2 males and 1 female) of Short-nosed Fruit Bat, Cynopterus sphinx (Chiroptera, Pteropodidae) in Luhuan, Macau from May 2015 to December 2015 using radio telemetry. The results found that the monthly mean foraging area among these three individuals was significantly different (F3,23 = 77.854,P < 0.000 1) (Table 1). Two males had smaller foraging areas, 1.6 ± 0.4 hm2 and 17.9 ± 6.6 hm2 (both n = 8), respectively; while the female had bigger one, 31.7 ± 4.7 hm2 (n = 7) (Fig. 2). The average distance between the daytime roosting site and foraging sites among three individuals was also significantly different (F3,23 = 16.034,P < 0.001), those of two males were 53.6 ± 12.4 m and 446.2 ± 68.8 m (both n = 8), while that of female was 606.9 ± 94.7 m (n = 7). The foraging area of one male partly overlapped with that of another, but that of female was separate from those of two males. Furthermore, the foraging area varied in different month, those in winter (November and December) were relative lager, and that of female in October was smaller than those in September and November (Fig. 3). The results of this study suggested that the foraging sites of Short-nosed Fruit Bat normally close to their daytime roosts, and they have moderate foraging area, which presents seasonal variation.
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