• 首页关于本刊期刊订阅编委会作者指南过刊浏览
黄佳亮,梁伟.2017.吉林向海自然保护区占用喜鹊巢繁殖的鸟类巢记述.动物学杂志,52(4):565-573.
吉林向海自然保护区占用喜鹊巢繁殖的鸟类巢记述
Notes of Four Breeding Birds Using Magpie (Pica pica) Nests in Xianghai Nature Reserve, Jilin, China
投稿时间:2016-10-31  修订日期:2017-06-15
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201704003
中文关键词:  喜鹊  巢侵占
英文关键词:Common Magpie, Pica pica  Nest usurpation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31472013)
作者单位E-mail
黄佳亮 热带动植物生态学省部共建教育部重点实验室海南师范大学生命科学学院 595162302@qq.com 
梁伟 热带动植物生态学省部共建教育部重点实验室海南师范大学生命科学学院 liangw@hainan.net 
摘要点击次数: 214
全文下载次数: 280
中文摘要:
      部分鸟类在繁殖过程中,为避免被捕食、减少繁殖投入等而选择占用其他鸟类的巢。2014 ~ 2016年每年的4 ~ 8月,在吉林向海国家级自然保护区记录到4种占用喜鹊巢进行繁殖的鸟类,其中绿头鸭(Anas platyrhynchos)8巢,纵纹腹小鸮(Athene noctua)4巢,长耳鸮(Aiso otus)5巢,麻雀(Passer montanus)6巢。大部分(82.6%)为利用喜鹊的废弃旧巢,而绿头鸭(1巢)、长耳鸮(2巢)和纵纹腹小鸮(1巢)少数侵占喜鹊当年新建的巢。
英文摘要:
      A suitable nest-site for reproduction is limited and thus some species may take over active/used nests and/or nest holes of other species for breeding. During the breeding season (April to August) in 2014﹣2016, 23 cases of breeding birds using Common Magpie (Pica pica) nests in Xianghai National Nature Reserve, Jilin, China, were reported in this study. Four bird species, namely Long-eared Owl (Aiso otus, 5 nests) (Fig. 1), Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos, 8 nests), Little Owl (Athene noctua, 4 nests), and Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus, 6 nests) (Fig. 2) were found in magpie nests. Among them, four cases (17.4%) were nest usurpation. Nest usurpation occurred mainly in the sparse elm forest in West Songnen Plain, which is inhabited by Magpies and usurped birds. The nest height, tree height, tree diameter at breast height, nest direction, and nest width and nest depth of four usurpers were recorded (Table 1﹣4). Larger birds like Long-eared Owls and Mallards usually dismantled part or rooftop of nests in using. Owls prefer nests in higher trees than other usurpers while Mallards usurped Magpie nests close to water.
附件
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭