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刘宝权,王聿凡,蒋珂,陈宏满,许济南,吴丞昊.2017.中国浙江发现树蛙属一新种(两栖纲:树蛙科).动物学杂志,52(3):361-372.
中国浙江发现树蛙属一新种(两栖纲:树蛙科)
A New Treefrog Species of the Genus Rhacophorus Found in Zhejiang, China (Anura: Rhacophoridae)
投稿时间:2016-12-20  修订日期:2017-04-19
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201703001
中文关键词:  丽水树蛙  新种  浙江省
英文关键词:Rhacophorus lishuiensis Liu,Wang and Jiang, sp. nov.  New species  Zhejiang
基金项目:国家林业局第二次全国陆生野生动物资源调查项目(林护发[2011]111 号),国家科技基础性工作专项(No. 2011FY120200), 环境保护部南京环境科学研究所基金项目;
作者单位E-mail
刘宝权 浙江省森林资源检测中心 zjhlbq@126.com 
王聿凡 浙江省森林资源检测中心 zjwyf0711@163.com 
蒋珂 中国科学院昆明动物研究所遗传资源与进化国家重点实验室  
陈宏满 中国科学院昆明动物研究所遗传资源与进化国家重点实验室  
许济南 浙江省森林资源检测中心  
吴丞昊 浙江省森林资源检测中心  
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中文摘要:
      :依据形态特征比较和分子系统发育分析,将采自浙江丽水的树蛙属物种订为一新种——丽水树蛙Rhacophorus lishuiensis Liu, Wang and Jiang, sp. nov.。新种丽水树蛙主要鉴别特征为:1)体型较小,雄性体长34.2 ~ 35.8 mm,雌性体长45.9 mm;2)鼓膜直径大于眼径之半;3)后肢较短,胫跗关节前伸贴体达眼后角;4)背面光滑,无明显疣粒;5)生活时背面绿色,无斑或散有稀疏的浅蓝绿色细点;6)咽喉部白色,虹彩黄色;7)雄性具单咽下内声囊,第一指基部具浅黄色婚垫。依据线粒体基因12S rRNA、tRNAval 和16S rRNA 共2 038 bp 序列以贝叶斯法构建树蛙属41 个物种间的系统发育关系,新种丽水树蛙为一个独立的支系,并与绿背树蛙(R. dorsoviridis)支系以高支持率形成姐妹群(后验概率1.00),支长较长。
英文摘要:
      Here we described a new species, Rhacophorus lishuiensis Liu, Wang and Jiang, sp. nov. (Fig. 2 and 3). Holotype: WYF11032, adult male, collected from Fengyang Forest Station (Fig. 4) in Liandu, Lishui, Zhejiang, China, by LIU Bao-Quan on 8 May 2016 (28°11′51.72″N, 119°49′2.28″E, altitude 1 100 m); allotype: WYF11035, adult female, collected on 2 April 2016; paratypes: 2♂♂ (WYF11033 and WYF11034), same date and locality as holotype; other information of allotype and paratypes same as holotype. Measurements are showing in Table 2. The holotype and allotype deposited in Herpetological Museum of Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and two paratypes deposited in Zhejiang Museum of Natural History. The new species distinguished from the congeners by a combination of the following characters: 1) small body size, snout-vent length (SVL) 34.2﹣35.8 mm in males, and 45.9 mm in female; 2) diameter of tympanum (TD) greater than half diameter of eye (ED); 3) hindlimb relatively short, tibiotarsal articulation reaching the posterior corner of eye when adpressed; 4) dorsal surface smooth, without distinct tubercles; 5) dorsal surface pure green, or scattered pale bluish green small spots; 6) throat white, iris golden yellow; 7) males with an internal single subgular vocal sac, and pale yellow nuptial pad on the base of first finger. In addition, based on 2 038 based pairs (bp) of mitochondrial 12S rRNA, tRNAval and 16S rRNA sequences, we constructed phylogenetic relationships using Bayesian inference among 41 species of the genus Rhacophours (Table 1 and Fig. 1). The new species, R. lishuiensis formed a distinct lineage, and clustered with the lineage R. dorsoviridis display relatively long branch length, with high support value (Bayesian posterior probability 1.00).
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