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王旭歌,何勇凤,吴兴兵,杨德国.2018.长江中下游湖泊短颌鲚线粒体控制区遗传多样性分析.动物学杂志,53(1):106-113.
长江中下游湖泊短颌鲚线粒体控制区遗传多样性分析
Genetic Diversity of Coilia brachygnathus in Yangtze River Based on Mitochondrial DNA D-loop Region Sequences
投稿时间:2017-02-17  修订日期:2017-12-29
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201801014
中文关键词:  短颌鲚  D-loop  遗传多样性  遗传分化  地理群体
英文关键词:Coilia brachygnathus  D-loop  Genetic diversity  Genetic differentiation  Geographical populations
基金项目:现代农业产业技术体系专项资金(No. CARS-46),“十二五”国家科技支撑计划课题(No. 2012BAD25B08-03)
作者单位E-mail
王旭歌 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 15290214105@126.com 
何勇凤 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 heyf@yfi.ac.cn 
吴兴兵 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 wxbing2008@qq.com 
杨德国 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 yangdg@yfi.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      To assess the genetic diversity and genetic variation of Coilia brachygnathus populations in the mid-lower Yangtze River, three geographical populations from Dongting Lake, Changhu and Chaohu were studied based on mitochondrial D-loop sequences. Some genetic diversity parameters were analyzed by DnaSP 5.0, and heterozygous molecular variation analysis (AMOVA) was acquired by Arlequin 3.1.1. Using MEGA5.0, we analyzed the base composition, the number of nucleic acid site replacement, the calculation of the genetic distance between populations and among populations. We also constructed the neighbor joining (NJ) phylogenetic tree, and the NJ system tree based on the topology of each branch. Network 5.1 was used to analyze the sequence of the control zone, and then the haplotype network diagram was constructed. Genetic diversity and genetic structure of C. brachygnathus populations in the mid-lower Yangtze River were analyzed. The results showed that there were 1 236 bp, 90 variation sites and 54 parsimony informative sites in D-loop sequence. There were 58 haplotypes among three geographical populations in the mid-lower Yangtze River, and the haplotypes diversity range was 0.949﹣0.982, the diversity of nucleotides was in the range of 0.004 99﹣0.006 21, indicating that the three geographical groups in the mid-lower Yangtze River had a high genetic diversity level (Table 2, 3). The genetic differential index Fst of total for populations was 0.265 95 (Table 4), showing that the genetic differentiation among populations was moderate and significant, especially between the Chaohu population and other groups. Similar results were also obtained according to the NJ phylogenetic tree and haplotype network diagram (Fig. 1, 2).
英文摘要:
      To assess the genetic diversity and genetic variation of Coilia brachygnathus populations in the mid-lower Yangtze River, three geographical populations from Dongting Lake, Changhu and Chaohu were studied based on mitochondrial D-loop sequences. Some genetic diversity parameters were analyzed by DnaSP 5.0, and heterozygous molecular variation analysis (AMOVA) was acquired by Arlequin 3.1.1. Using MEGA5.0, we analyzed the base composition, the number of nucleic acid site replacement, the calculation of the genetic distance between populations and among populations. We also constructed the neighbor joining (NJ) phylogenetic tree, and the NJ system tree based on the topology of each branch. Network 5.1 was used to analyze the sequence of the control zone, and then the haplotype network diagram was constructed. Genetic diversity and genetic structure of C. brachygnathus populations in the mid-lower Yangtze River were analyzed. The results showed that there were 1 236 bp, 90 variation sites and 54 parsimony informative sites in D-loop sequence. There were 58 haplotypes among three geographical populations in the mid-lower Yangtze River, and the haplotypes diversity range was 0.949 ~ 0.982, the diversity of nucleotides was in the range of 0.004 99 ~ 0.006 21, indicating that the three geographical groups in the mid-lower Yangtze River had a high genetic diversity level (Table 2, 3). The genetic differential index Fst of total for populations was 0.265 95 (Table 4), showing that the genetic differentiation among populations was moderate and significant, especially between the Chaohu population and other groups. Similar results were also obtained according to the NJ phylogenetic tree and haplotype network diagram (Fig. 1, 2).
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