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王健,齐硕,郭淳鹏,林灿荣,肖嘉杰,王英永,林石狮.2018.广州市花地湾市场宠物两栖动物调查.动物学杂志,53(1):61-68.
广州市花地湾市场宠物两栖动物调查
Survey on Amphibian Pet Trade in Huadiwan Market in Guangzhou
投稿时间:2017-03-24  修订日期:2017-12-31
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201801008
中文关键词:  广州花地湾市场  宠物  两栖类贸易  外来物种  威胁
英文关键词:Guangzhou  Huadiwan Market  Amphibian pet trade  Alien species  Wildlife protection
基金项目:广东环境保护工程职业学院院长基金项目(No. JG201509025)
作者单位E-mail
王健 广东环境保护工程职业学院中山大学生物博物馆 wangj397@mail.sysu.edu.cn 
齐硕 沈阳师范大学两栖爬行动物研究所 635413964@qq.com 
郭淳鹏 广东海洋大学 gcp1142@icloud.com 
林灿荣 广东岭南职业技术学院 601992004@qq.com 
肖嘉杰 广东省野生动物救护中心 564358188@qq.com 
王英永 中山大学生物博物馆  
林石狮 广东环境保护工程职业学院中山大学生物博物馆 lionrei1@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      通过对广州市花地湾花鸟鱼虫市场两栖类宠物贸易进行为期3年27次调查,共记录贸易两栖类类44种,隶属2目16科35属。有尾目(Caudata)2科7属8种,钝口螈科(Ambystomatidae)1属2种,蝾螈科(Salamandridae)6属6种;无尾目(Anura)14科28属36种,铃蟾科(Bombinatoridae)1属1种,蟾蜍科(Bufonidae)3属3种,角花蟾科(Ceratophryidae)2属5种,其中1种为杂交种,丛蛙科(Dendrobatidae)2属4种,雨蛙科(Hylidae)3属5种,非洲树蛙科(Hyperoliidae)1属1种,角蟾科(Megophryidae)2属2种,姬蛙科(Microhylidae)5属6种,澳雨蛙科(Pelodryadidae)1属1种,叶泡蛙科(Phyllomedusidae)1属1种,负子蟾科(Pipidae)1属1种,箱头蛙科(Pyxicephalidae)1属1种,蛙科(Ranidae)2属2种,树蛙科(Rhacophoridae)3属3种。分布于国内的两栖类16种,外来物种共28种。受保护种类26种,所占比例达59.09%。讨论了两栖类宠物贸易对国内外珍稀濒危种类保护的压力、对生态系统的压力和对两爬类研究的影响。
英文摘要:
      We conducted a market survey on amphibian pet trade in Huadiwan, Guangzhou from 2012 to 2016 in order to investigate the amount of market trade and provided the basic data for further study in this field. We carried out 27 times investigations and recorded 44 amphibian species traded across two orders, 16 families, 35 genera, including 2 species in Ambystomatidae, 6 species in Salamandridae, 1 species in Bombinatoridae, 3 in Bufonidae, 5 in Ceratophryidae, 4 and 5 in Hylidae, 1 in Hyperoliidae, 2 in Megophryidae, 6 in Microhylidae, 1 in Pelodryadidae, 1 in Phyllomedusidae, 1 in Pipidae, 1 in Pyxicephalidae, 2 in Ranidae and 3 in Rhacophoridae through market review and peddlers. Of them 28 species were alien species which took a larger proportion (63.63%) than the native amphibians (16 species with 36.37%). Of those amphibians sold in the market, 26 species were listed as protected species. Amphibians around the world are suffered from market trade, which was one of the main factors that have caused the decline or extinction of amphibian population (see Appendix). Our results indicated that it is imperative to improve the wildlife protection law and regulation, as well as to emphasize measures to avoid invidation of aline species. In the end of this paper we also analyzed the pressure on the local ecological system and species diversity of amphibian pet trade.
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