• 首页关于本刊期刊订阅编委会作者指南过刊浏览
宋琪,刘丙万.2018.太阳能警示灯对野猪危害农田影响研究.动物学杂志,53(1):32-39.
太阳能警示灯对野猪危害农田影响研究
The Impact of Solar Blinkers on the Crop Damage Control of Wild Boar
投稿时间:2017-05-03  修订日期:2018-01-07
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201801004
中文关键词:  野猪  农田危害防控  太阳能警示灯  珲春地区
英文关键词:Wild Boar, Sus scrofa  Damage control  Solar blinker  Hunchun
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项(No. DL13CA08),国家林业局项目(No. Z00633)
作者单位E-mail
宋琪 东北林业大学野生动物资源学院 哈尔滨 150040 869386365@qq.com 
刘丙万 东北林业大学野生动物资源学院 哈尔滨 150040 liubw1@sina.com 
摘要点击次数: 64
全文下载次数: 62
中文摘要:
      近年来,野猪(Sus scrofa)数量增加,与人冲突不断加剧。2016年8至10月,在吉林省珲春市春化镇开展了太阳能警示灯防控野猪危害农田效果的研究。本研究将首次防控有效期和首次防控范围作为衡量防控措施是否有效的首要依据。首次防控有效期定义为从实验开始到野猪首次进入样地的时间。首次防控范围定义为野猪首次危害农田处与防控设施安放点的直线距离,并将其转化为范围指数。研究结果表明:(1)实验组与对照组相比,首次防控有效期均存在显著差异(P < 0.05),对照组的首次防控有效期为(2.7 ± 0.5)d,1 000 mA红色警示灯的首次防控有效期为(36.0 ± 1.4)d,效果最佳;1 000 mA白色警示灯的首次防控有效期为(7.3 ± 0.5)d,防控效果最差。(2)除1 000 mA白色和蓝色警示灯的所有实验组以外,与对照组相比首次范围指数存在显著差异(P < 0.05)。(3)光质不同的实验组间首次防控有效期及首次范围指数存在显著差异(P < 0.05),红色警示灯的防控效果依次强于绿色、黄色、蓝色、白色;1 000 mA、800 mA、600 mA的不同光强实验组间防控效果无显著差异(P > 0.05)。(4)警示灯是否闪烁不能对野猪危害防控效果产生显著性影响(P > 0.05)。太阳能警示灯能够有效控制野猪的活动范围,从而降低野猪对农田的危害。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) have dramatically increased and the conflict between human and Wild Boar also has constantly aggravated. From August to October in 2016, we carried out the research on the crop damage control of Wild Boar using solar blinkers at the Chunhua town of Hunchun, Jilin Province. We set up 9 experiment and 1 control groups of Wild Boar damage prevention (Table 1) and measured the crop damage control effect of Wild Boar with the first validity period which was defined as the period from the time we started to experiment to the time Wild Boar entered the experimental plots. And we also used the first prevention range as the control effect of Wild Boar damage which was defined as the straight-line distance from the place of farm damaged by Wild Boar firstly to the solar blinker, and transformed the first prevention range into range index (Table 2). The results obtained as the following: (1) First validity period for the first time between control group and all the experimental groups are significant differences (P < 0.05). The first validity period of the control group is 2.7 ± 0.5 days, that of 1 000 mA red blinker is the longest among the experimental groups, 36.0 ± 1.4 days and that of 1 000 mA white blinker is shortest, only 7.3 ± 0.5 days (Table 3); (2) In addition to 1 000 mA white and blue solar blinkers experimental groups, the first range index between all of the experimental group and the control group are significant differences (P < 0.05) (Table 4); (3) The first validity period and the first range index between different light quality of blinkers are significant differences (P < 0.05), the control effective of red lights better then green, yellow, blue, white ones in turn, but no any significant differences exists between different illuminance including 1 000 mA, 800 mA and 600 mA (P > 0.05) (Table 5); (4) The light flashing couldn′t provide the significant effect on the validity period and range index (P > 0.05) (Table 6). From the above results, solar blinkers can control the crop damage of Wild Boar significantly.
附件
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器