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许诺,林少珍,朱晓静,刘梦迪,齐闯,徐善良.2018.褐菖鲉的视觉器官发育.动物学杂志,53(5):742-751.
褐菖鲉的视觉器官发育
The Development of Visual Organ in Sebastiscus marmoratus
投稿时间:2017-10-26  修订日期:2018-09-04
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201805009
中文关键词:  褐菖鲉  视觉器官  发育  组织学
英文关键词:Sebastiscus marmoratus  Visual organ  Development  Histology
基金项目:浙江省“十三五”优势专业建设项目(宁波大学水产养殖专业),宁波市重大科技专项(No. 2015C110003)
作者单位E-mail
许诺 宁波大学海洋学院 15268469188@163.com 
林少珍 宁波大学海洋学院 18857900386@163.com 
朱晓静 宁波大学海洋学院 15367965399@163.com 
刘梦迪 宁波大学海洋学院 宁波 315211  
齐闯 宁波大学海洋学院 宁波 315211  
徐善良 宁波大学海洋学院 13705749890@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      为研究褐菖鲉(Sebastiscus marmoratus)视觉器官发育与生态习性及摄食行为之间的关系,用组织学方法对人工培育条件下的褐菖鲉仔、稚鱼的视觉器官发育特征进行了详细观察。结果表明,褐菖鲉为卵胎生鱼类,其视觉器官的分化速度较一般鱼类快,从母体产出时,仔鱼视网膜神经细胞层和原始晶状体已形成;1日龄仔鱼的视网膜分化为6层,晶状体出现纤维化,直径约72 μm,仔鱼开始具有一定趋光性;2日龄仔鱼视网膜分化完成,可见10层结构,巩膜出现,与仔鱼开口摄食相适应,游泳能力增强;5 ~ 7日龄晶状体直径达99 μm,晶状囊形成;17日龄,仔鱼角膜结构分化完成,脉络膜趋于完善;37日龄稚鱼的视觉器官各部分已经发育完全。
英文摘要:
      To explore the relationship between the development of visual organ, ecological habits and the feeding behaviors of Sebastiscus marmoratus, histological methods were employed to study the developmental characteristics of visual organ in larvae and juvenile fish. The results showed that the differentiation rate of S. marmoratus was faster than that of other species. As an ovoviviparous fish, the retinal nerve cell layer and the original lens were already formed at birth. The 1-day-old larvae of S. marmoratus already had phototaxis. The retina of 1-day-old larvae differentiated into six layers, the lens became fibrosis, and the diameter was about 72 μm. The retina differentiated into ten layers and the sclera appeared to adapt to its feeding behavior at 2-day-old. In this period, the swimming ability was enhanced. The crystalline capsule was formed during 5﹣7 days and its diameter of lens was about 99 μm. Table 1 describes S. marmoratus′ structural characteristics and development speed of the retina, and Fig. 1 shows the development characteristics of visual organ in S. marmoratus 1﹣5 days old larvae. On the 17th day, the corneal structure was differentiated and the choroid was fully developed. Until 37 days, the vision organ was completely developed in the juveniles. Fig. 2 shows microscope observation of the development characteristics of visual organ in S. marmoratus 5﹣26 days old larvae and young fish, and Table 2 reflects the relationship between the retinal formation time and behavior development in different fishes.
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