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刘昌景,李元学,周用武,高源.2019.我国涉天鹅属鸟类死亡案件分析及防控对策研究.动物学杂志,54(2):173-180.
我国涉天鹅属鸟类死亡案件分析及防控对策研究
Analysis of Swan Death Cases and Countermeasures for Prevention and Control in China
投稿时间:2017-11-08  修订日期:2019-02-22
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201902004
中文关键词:  犯罪分析  珍贵濒危野生动物  侦查防控  迁徙
英文关键词:Crime analysis  Swan  Precious and endangered wild animal  Prevention and control  Migration
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费重点项目(编号:LGZD201708)和南京森林警察学院教学改革研究项目(编号:ZD17002)成果之一
作者单位E-mail
刘昌景 南京森林警察学院 changjingliu@foxmail.com 
李元学 中国刑事警察学院 沈阳 110035 1101804689@qq.com 
周用武 南京森林警察学院 南京 210023 zhyw0071@yahoo.com.cn 
高源 南京市公安局玄武区分局食品药品环境犯罪侦查大队 南京 210000 249586763@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      :我国有分布的天鹅属所有种(Cygnus spp.)均为国家Ⅱ级重点保护野生动物,根据中华人民共和国刑法,非法猎捕、杀害珍贵濒危野生动物构成刑事犯罪。然而,天鹅死亡案件仍时有发生。本文分析2000 至2016 年有统计的我国天鹅死亡案件发现,每年11 月至翌年1 月是涉天鹅案件的高发时期;毒杀为致死主因;案件多发生于我国行政区划交界处。因此,应于迁徙越冬季节重点加强高案发地点的侦查监管;加强克百威(呋喃丹)为代表的高毒农药管控;建立迁徙季节多地区执法联动机制。
英文摘要:
      All species of swans (Cygnus spp.) have been listed as the second class national protected animals in China. Illegal hunting, catching and killing of precious and endangered wild animal constitutes a criminal offence under the Law in China, however, such cases were still often happened. We collected and analyzed 46 death cases of swans during 2000 to 2016 in China. Our results showed that such cases were occurred frequently in winter from November to January. Poisoning, such as using the carbofuran, was the most important way to cause the deaths of swans. The cases always happened in borders between cities in China (Fig. 1). Therefore, pesticide management should be strengthened during the migration season of swans, especially in border areas between provinces and cities. Furthermore, to establish a multi-area law enforcement linkage mechanism during the migration season may be useful for protecting the swans.
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