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周博,祃来坤,侯建华,梁伟.2018.雄安新区鸟类资源及其多样性.动物学杂志,53(4):528-538.
雄安新区鸟类资源及其多样性
Abundance and Species Richness of Birds in Xiong′an New Area, China
投稿时间:2017-12-13  修订日期:2018-06-21
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201804004
中文关键词:  白洋淀  鸟类  物种丰富度  雄安新区
英文关键词:Baiyangdian Lake  Bird  Species richness  Xiong′an New Area
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31472013和31772453),热带岛屿生态学教育部重点实验室2017年度开放项目和海南省研究生创新科研课题(Hyb2016-13和Hys2016-68)
作者单位E-mail
周博 热带岛屿生态学教育部重点实验室海南师范大学生命科学学院 penguinzb@foxmail.com 
祃来坤 热带岛屿生态学教育部重点实验室海南师范大学生命科学学院 549981371@qq.com 
侯建华 河北大学生命科学学院 13633325718@163.com 
梁伟 热带岛屿生态学教育部重点实验室海南师范大学生命科学学院 13976699091@139.com 
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中文摘要:
      雄安新区是继深圳和浦东之后中国又一新特区。鸟类是生物群落中最为活跃的成分之一,常被作为生态环境的重要指示物种。对一座已经确定并即将高速发展的城市的鸟类本底资源开展调查,有助于了解鸟类对城市化进程的适应性进化。为此,我们于2017年8月和2018年2月对雄安新区的鸟类资源进行了调查,野外共记录到鸟类72种,分属15目36科。其中,优势种2种,常见种9种,偶见种61种;留鸟26种,夏候鸟31种,冬候鸟8种,旅鸟7种;属广布种18种,东洋界17种,古北界37种;列入国家Ⅰ级重点保护鸟类1种,Ⅱ级重点保护的鸟类5种;列入CITES公约附录Ⅱ的鸟种3种。调查结果表明,雄安新区的夏季鸟类种类相对较多,鸟类多样性以白洋淀南、北两片区域较为丰富。由于以往对雄安新区的鸟类资源调查很少,建议在城市开发的过程中进一步加强当地本底生物资源的调查与保护。
英文摘要:
      The process of urbanization by humans is one of the main reasons for the sharp decline in many bird population and some bird species have even been driven to extinction by urbanization. With the intensification of human impact on natural environments, an increasing amount of attention has been paid to the adaptation of organisms to urban environments. After Shenzhen and Pudong, the Xiong′an New Area, a special economic zone established in April 2017, will be an answer to China′s growth conundrum: breakneck urban sprawl must give way to a balanced and inclusive development strategy. Many bird species are commonly found in urban habitat, therefore they are ideal subjects for studies on the evolution of adaptability to urban environments. By using bird point counts and line-transect census method (Fig. 1), bird species richness and abundance in Xiong′an New Area were surveyed in August 2017 and February 2018. The results showed that there were 72 bird species belonging to 15 orders and 36 families with a total of 27 092 bird individuals being recorded. According to the relative density, the Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) and Daurian Jackdaw (Corvus dauuricus) were dominant species, 58.9% of all birds, and other 9 species were commonly seen. 57 species were breeding birds and six species belonged to the List of Key Protected Wild Animals of China and three species was listed in Appendices Ⅱ of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (Table 1 and Appendix). There were differences in bird community composition among habitat types, and bird diversity in Baiyangdian Lake with mainly reed habitat was higher than that found in urban and other habitats (Table 1 and Table 2). The present study provided the first report on birds in Xiong′an New Area and may help to make more effective decisions for bird diversity conservation in this region.
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