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鲜雪梅,张小琴,方光战.2018.动物的失匹配负波研究进展.动物学杂志,53(5):815-825.
动物的失匹配负波研究进展
Research Development of Mismatch Negativity in Animals
投稿时间:2017-12-18  修订日期:2018-08-15
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201805020
中文关键词:  失匹配负波  动物认知  机制  发生源  影响因素
英文关键词:Mismatch negativity  Animal cognition  Mechanism  Generator  Influencing factors
基金项目:阿坝师范学院质量工程项目(No. 20170904),四川省教育厅项目(No. 18ZB0003),国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31672305,31372217)
作者单位E-mail
鲜雪梅 阿坝师范学院资源与环境学院 xx-may@163.com 
张小琴 阿坝师范学院资源与环境学院 qingerzx1982@163.com 
方光战 中国科学院成都生物研究所两栖爬行动物研究室 fanggz@cib.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      失匹配负波(MMN)是由重复刺激序列(即标准刺激)中偶然出现的、与标准刺激有可辨别差异的偏差刺激所诱发的一种持续时间较短、极性为负的事件相关电位(ERP)。失匹配负波在人类和动物中普遍存在,并可在视、听、嗅等多种模态中诱发,其出现不依赖于注意,所以反映了大脑对知觉环境变化的自动感知,对动物的生存与繁殖成功至关重要。本文对不同类群动物失匹配负波研究、失匹配负波产生机制、发生源以及影响因素进行了综述,旨在厘清该生理指标的优势与不足,为动物认知潜在机制研究提供有益参考。最后文章对动物失匹配负波未来研究方向提出了展望。
英文摘要:
      Mismatch negativity (MMN), evoked by suddenly appeared discriminable change (deviant stimulus) in a sequence of repetitive stimuli (standard stimulus), is a negative component of event-related potential (ERP) with short duration. MMN could be found in both humans and animals and could be evoked in multiple perceptual modalities such as vision, auditory sense and olfactory sense without attention, suggesting that it reflects the brain′s automatic perception of the change in perceptual environment which is very important for animals′ survival and reproductive success. In order to clarify both advantages and disadvantages of MMN for future studies on animal cognition, this paper reviews MMN studies on various animal taxa, its generation mechanisms and generators as well as the influence factors. Finally, the possible prospect of MMN study in the future is proposed.
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