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余子寒,吴倩倩,石胜超,任锐君,刘宜敏,冯磊,邓学建.2018.湖南省衡东县发现长指鼠耳蝠.动物学杂志,53(5):701-708.
湖南省衡东县发现长指鼠耳蝠
The Kashmir Cave Myotis (Myotis longipes) Was Found in Hengdong County Hunan Province, China
投稿时间:2018-01-27  修订日期:2018-08-26
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.201805004
中文关键词:  长指鼠耳蝠  翼手目  Cyt b基因  湖南省  分布新记录
英文关键词:Myotis longipes  Chiroptera  Cyt b gene  Hunan Province  New record
基金项目:国家科技基础性工作专项项目(No. 2013FY111500)
作者单位E-mail
余子寒 湖南师范大学生命科学学院 长沙 410081 keaiguai520@qq.com 
吴倩倩 湖南师范大学生命科学学院 长沙 410081 1173725685@qq.com 
石胜超 湖南师范大学生命科学学院 长沙 410081 1094379555@qq.com 
任锐君 湖南师范大学生命科学学院 长沙 410081 506486267@qq.com 
刘宜敏 湖南师范大学生命科学学院 长沙 410081 liuyiming2652@sina.com 
冯磊 湖南师范大学生命科学学院 长沙 410081 931841382@qq.com 
邓学建 湖南师范大学生命科学学院 长沙 410081 772576985@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      2016年8月27日在湖南省衡阳市衡东县四方山林场仙妃洞(26°58′25″N,113°3′23″E,海拔463 m)采到1只鼠耳蝠标本(1♂);同年8月29日在金觉峰(26°58′24.4″N,113°3′23.1″E,海拔311 m)采到9只鼠耳蝠标本(4♀,5♂)。上述鼠耳蝠标本形态较小,前臂长33.3 ~ 36.1 mm,其后足长(不包括爪长)长于胫长之半,胫外缘有毛;颅全长13.57 ~ 14.35 mm,头骨粗壮,脑颅圆且较高,明显高过上颌骨。经形态和线粒体Cyt b序列鉴定,确认这10只蝙蝠均为蝙蝠科(Vespertilionidac)鼠耳蝠属(Myotis)的长指鼠耳蝠(M. longipes),该种为湖南省翼手目分布新记录种,标本(编号,4♀为HUNNU16JJ28、HUNNU16JJ42、HUNNU16JJ43、HUNNU16JJ52,6♂为HUNNU16SF25、HUNNU16JJ05、HUNNU16JJ08、HUNNU16JJ51、HUNNU16JJ58、HUNNU16JJ60)保存于湖南师范大学动物标本室。
英文摘要:
      One specimen (♂) was found at Xianfei Cave (26°58′25″N, 113°3′23″E, altitude 463 m) of Sifang mountain, and nine more specimens (4♀ 5♂) were collected at Jinjue Mountain (26°58′24.4″N, 113°3′23.1″E, altitude 311 m) in August 2016 in Hengdong County, Hunan Province. The size of these specimens are small with a measurement of 33.3﹣36.1 mm in forearm length. The feet length (not including the length of the claws) exceeds half of the tibiae length, and the outer edge of the tibia is decorated with hair (Fig. 1). The greatest length of skull is 13.57﹣14.35 mm. The skull is thick and robust, the shape of neurocranium is round and obviously higher than the upper jaw bone (Fig. 2). These specimens were further confirmed as Myotis longipes by phylogenetic inferred from their Cyt b sequences (1 140 bp) (Table 1, Fig. 3). The divergence of these specimens was analyzed between the M. longipes of Guangxi, Laos, Chongqing and Guizhou from Hengdong (Table 3). Here, we provided the measurement data of the morphological structure, skull feature of the M. longipes, and compares them with the specimens in Guangdong Province, China and India (Table 2). The ten specimens were identified as M. longipes, which was first found in Hunan Province. The specimens have been kept in the Museum of Vertebrate Specimens at Hunan Normal University.
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