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王坤,马寨璞.2020.绿瘦蛇捕食鳄蜥的现象.动物学杂志,55(1):101-104.
绿瘦蛇捕食鳄蜥的现象
Predation on Crocodile Lizards by Ahaetulla prasina
投稿时间:2019-06-29  修订日期:2020-01-06
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202001013
中文关键词:  鳄蜥  绿瘦蛇  天敌  蛇类
英文关键词:Crocodile lizard  Ahaetulla prasina  Natural enemies  Snake
基金项目:国家重点研发计划专项(No. 2016YFC0503200),国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31760623)
作者单位E-mail
王坤 ① 河北大学生命科学学院 保定 071002② 广西大桂山鳄蜥国家级自然保护区 贺州 542824 siyao1994@foxmail.com 
马寨璞 ① 河北大学生命科学学院 保定 071002 wdwsjlxx@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      鳄蜥(Shinisaurus crocodilurus)是濒危的孑遗物种,生存遭受多方威胁。除人为猎杀和生境受到破坏之外,天敌也是其致命的威胁之一,但目前关于其被天敌捕食的研究非常匮乏。本文报道了绿瘦蛇(Ahaetulla prasina)捕食鳄蜥的现象,以全事件记录法观察了这一行为过程。鳄蜥面对的被捕食风险可能较广。除蛇外,鳄蜥的天敌也可能是鸟类等动物。在饲养繁育中,要注意加强防范举措,以免鳄蜥被天敌侵害。
英文摘要:
      The crocodile lizard (Shinisaurus crocodilurus) is an endangered relict species, and has been threatened by many factors. In addition to human hunting and habitat destruction, natural enemies are also one of their deadly threats. However, the current research on its predation by natural enemies is very scarce. This paper reported the phenomenon of Ahaetulla prasina preying on the crocodile lizard. We observed this preying behavior by full event recording method. The crocodile lizard probably faced a higher risk of being prey. Besides snakes, its natural enemies may also be animals such as birds. During the procedure of raising and breeding, we must pay attention to strengthen prevention measures to prevent the crocodile lizard from being invaded by natural enemies.
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