• 首页关于本刊期刊订阅编委会作者指南过刊浏览
刘飞,牟振波,王且鲁,刘海平,韦慧,张忭忭,扎西拉姆,周建设,张驰.2020.西藏浪错兰格湖裸鲤种群繁殖生物学特征.动物学杂志,55(1):58-66.
西藏浪错兰格湖裸鲤种群繁殖生物学特征
Reproductive Biology Characteristics in Population of Gymnocypris chui in the Lake Lang Tso, Tibet, China
投稿时间:2019-07-16  修订日期:2020-01-16
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202001008
中文关键词:  兰格湖裸鲤  性腺发育  周年变化  繁殖力
英文关键词:Gymnocypris chui  Gonad development  Year cycle  Fecundity
基金项目:农业部财政专项“西藏重点水域渔业资源与环境调查”,西藏自治区自然基金项目(No. XZ2018ZRG-55(Z))
作者单位E-mail
刘飞 西藏自治区农牧科学院水产科学研究所 拉萨 850032 liufei636@163.com 
牟振波 西藏自治区农牧科学院水产科学研究所 拉萨 850032 mouzhenbo@163.com 
王且鲁 西藏自治区农牧科学院水产科学研究所 拉萨 850032 wangqielu@163.com 
刘海平 西藏自治区农牧科学院水产科学研究所 拉萨 850032 liuhaiping@163.com 
韦慧 中国水产科学研究院珠江水产研究所 农业部休闲渔业重点实验室 广州 510380 weihui@163.com 
张忭忭 中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 上海 200940 zhangbianbian@163.com 
扎西拉姆 西藏自治区农牧科学院水产科学研究所 拉萨 850032 zhaxilamu@163.com 
周建设 西藏自治区农牧科学院水产科学研究所 拉萨 850032 zhoujianshe@163.com 
张驰 西藏自治区农牧科学院水产科学研究所 拉萨 850032 liufei636@163.com 
摘要点击次数: 209
全文下载次数: 158
中文摘要:
      2017年7月至2018年6月,于西藏自治区昂仁县浪错采集兰格湖裸鲤(Gymnocypris chui)307尾,开展种群繁殖生物学研究。结果显示,浪错兰格湖裸鲤在3 ~ 5月性成熟系数较高。雌性最小性成熟个体年龄为7龄,体长217 mm,体重122.68 g,成熟系数为3.92%;雄性最小性成熟个体年龄为6龄,体长198 mm,体重91.93 g,成熟系数为3.34%。其平均成熟卵径为2.18 mm,卵径分布为单峰型。绝对繁殖力为862 ~ 8 933粒/尾,平均绝对繁殖力为(2 885 ± 2 765)粒,相对繁殖力为7 ~ 43粒/g,平均相对繁殖力为(15 ± 11)粒/g。绝对繁殖力与体长和体重呈显著正相关,相对繁殖力与体长、体重的相关性不显著。繁殖群体性比(♀︰♂)为1︰0.967,符合1︰1比例。
英文摘要:
      Gymnocypris chui, also known as the Zhus naked carp, belongs to Gymnocypris, Schizothoracinae, Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes, which was mainly distributed in the Lake Lang Tso, Ngamring County, Shigatse City, Tibet Autonomous Region. The regionality and particularity of the living geographical environment for G. chui made it very sensitive to external disturbance. Once the population resources were broken, it would be difficult to recover. The study of fish life history was of great significance to the protection and exploitation of fish resources, and reproductive biology was an important part of the study of life history. To understand reproductive biology of G. chui, total 307 specimens were collected from July 2017 to June 2018 in the Lang Tso, Ngamring County, Tibet (Fig. 1 & Table 1). The total length, body length (accurate to 0.1cm) and total weight (accurate to 0.01 g) were measured in fresh state aft-r sampling. After dissection, the weight of gonad and eviscerated body weight were weighed (accurate to 0.01 g). Gender and gonadal development were judged according to the description in references. The ovaries at mature stage (Ⅳ, Ⅴ) were taken for about 5g and fixed with 6% formalin solution, and then counted with a counter. Two hundred eggs were randomly sampled from different parts of IV ovaries. The diameter of eggs (accurate to 0.01mm) was measured by micrometer. The results showed that the shape of anal fin could be used as a preliminary tool for sex discrimination of G. chui. The female''s anal fin was oval. With a slightly pointed end and smooth edge, while the male''s anal fin had a notched edge, and the last three branch fins had horny barbs (Fig. 2). The gonadosomatic index (GSI) of females and males G. chui was relative high from March to May (Fig. 3). The mean oocyte diameter was 2.18 mm, which is unimodal distribution (Fig. 4). Fulness and GSI showed the opposite trend (Fig. 5). The range of absolute fecundity was from 862 to 8 933 eggs. The mean absolute fecundity was 2 885 ± 2 765 eggs and the mean relative fecundity was 15 eggs /g (Table 2). Absolute fecundity positively correlate with body length and body weight, while relative fecundity had no significant correlation with body length and body weight (Fig. 6 & Fig. 7). The minimum size and weight were 217 mm and 122.68 g for mature females, and 198 mm and 91.93 g for mature males. The GSI were 3.92% for females and 3.34% for males. The minimum age at maturity was 7 for females and 6 for males. Sex ratio (♀︰♂) was 1︰0.967, which is consistent with the 1︰1 ratio (Table 3). During the investigation period, the water temperature of the rivers entering the lake ranged from 2.2 to 15.9 ℃ during the non-stop flow period and the freezing period, and the flow velocity ranged from 0.1 to 0.6 m/s (Table 4). These results suggest that G. chui had more yolk substances which can provide more nutrients for larvae to hatch. These results also reflect that G. chui experience more the environmental pressure in the Lang Tso.
附件
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器