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张飞宇,周富斐,周建伟,周睿,包达尔罕,叶国辉,花立民.2020.高原鼢鼠繁殖季日活动模式及其影响因素.动物学杂志,55(3):297-305.
高原鼢鼠繁殖季日活动模式及其影响因素
Diurnal Activity Pattern of Plateau Zokor in Breeding Season and Its Influencing Factors
投稿时间:2019-10-25  修订日期:2020-04-28
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202003003
中文关键词:  活动模式  无线电追踪  高原鼢鼠  土壤温度  土壤相对湿度
英文关键词:Activity pattern  Radio-tracking  Plateau Zokor, Myospalax baileyi  Soil temperature  Soil relative moisture
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(No. 2017YFC0504803),甘肃省重点研发计划项目(No. 17YF1NA059),甘肃省高校协同创新科技团队支持计划项目
作者单位E-mail
张飞宇 甘肃农业大学草业学院 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室 兰州 730070 zhangfeiyu_gsau@163.com 
周富斐 甘肃农业大学草业学院 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室 兰州 730070 m17899315787@163.com 
周建伟 甘肃农业大学草业学院 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室 兰州 730070 zhou_3193@hotmail.com 
周睿 甘肃农业大学草业学院 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室 兰州 730070 zhourui_gsau@163.com 
包达尔罕 甘肃农业大学草业学院 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室 兰州 730070 popong-man@hotmail.com 
叶国辉 甘肃农业大学草业学院 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室 兰州 730070 18394002004@163.com 
花立民 甘肃农业大学草业学院 草业生态系统教育部重点实验室 兰州 730070 hua-lm@263.net 
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中文摘要:
      研究高原鼢鼠(Myospalax baileyi)繁殖季的活动模式,对于了解它们的生存策略及生态防治非常重要。于2019年选择高原鼢鼠繁殖期(3至5月)在甘肃省玛曲县采日玛乡,利用无线电跟踪技术监测高原鼢鼠繁殖季活动模式,并分析高原鼢鼠活动强度与0 ~ 10 cm土层土壤温度和土壤相对湿度的关系。1)高原鼢鼠在繁殖期内表现出3个日活动高峰,第一个高峰时间是08:00时,第二个高峰时间是14:00时,第三个高峰时间是20:00时;2)日活动差异指数(θ)表明,高原鼢鼠在繁殖期内活动强度变化幅度较大,呈非均匀型分布;昼行性指数(λ)表明,高原鼢鼠在繁殖期白天更为活跃;日活动时间总量(AT)表明,高原鼢鼠繁殖期每天的总活动时长在8 h左右;3)相关分析表明,高原鼢鼠繁殖期活动强度与0 ~ 10 cm土层的土壤温度呈正相关(P < 0.05),与0 ~ 10 cm土层的土壤相对湿度不相关(P > 0.05)。繁殖期的高原鼢鼠活动强度受0 ~ 10 cm土层土壤温度影响,不受土壤相对湿度影响。
英文摘要:
      Understanding the activity patterns of Plateau Zokor (Myospalax baileyi) during the breeding season has a great importance to their survival strategies and ecological control for zokor damage. This study used the radio tracking technology to monitor the activity patterns of plateau zokor during the breeding period from March to May in 2019 in Maqu County, Gansu Province and analyzed the correlation between the activity pattern and the soil relative moisture as well as soil temperature at the depth with 0﹣10 cm. The results showed that: 1) the plateau zokors exhibited three peaks of daily activity pattern during the breeding period. These peak time appeared at 08:00, 14:00, and 20:00, respectively. (Fig. 1). 2) the daily activity difference index (θ) indicated that the activity intensity of plateau zokors varies significantly with uneven distribution during the breeding period. The diurnal index (λ) indicated that plateau zokor had more activities in daytime during the breeding period. The daily activity time index (AT) indicated that the total daily activity duration of the plateau zokor was about 8 hours (Table 2). 3) Correlation analysis showed that the activity intensity of plateau zokor in breeding period was positively correlated with soil temperature (0﹣10 cm) (P < 0.05) (Fig. 4), but not correlated with soil relative moisture (0﹣10 cm) (P > 0.05) (Fig. 5). Our research indicated that the activity intensity of plateau zokor was influenced by the soil temperature at depth between 0 and 10 cm.
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