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章旭日,岳春雷,侯楚,王珺,李贺鹏.2020.浙江省爬行动物物种现状及区系特征.动物学杂志,55(2):189-203.
浙江省爬行动物物种现状及区系特征
Species Checklist and Faunal Characteristics of Reptiles in Zhejiang Province, China
投稿时间:2019-10-29  修订日期:2020-03-22
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202002008
中文关键词:  爬行动物  物种名录  区系  生态型  浙江
英文关键词:Reptile  Species checklist  Fauna  Ecotype  Zhejiang
基金项目:自然资源部第二海洋研究所横向项目(No. 2019HX003),国家数字动物博物馆项目
作者单位E-mail
章旭日 浙江省林业科学研究院 杭州 310023 zhangxuri931@163.com 
岳春雷 浙江省林业科学研究院 杭州 310023 1049876924@qq.com 
侯楚 中国科学院大学 北京 100049 houchu16@mails.ucas.ac.cn 
王珺 浙江省林业科学研究院 杭州 310023 47935927@qq.com 
李贺鹏 浙江省林业科学研究院 杭州 310023 8656141@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      通过整理分类学文献资料,在1990年出版的《浙江动物志: 两栖类 爬行类》的基础上,校订更新了浙江省现生爬行动物多样性名录,进而进行了区系特征分析。截至2019年,浙江省共记录现生爬行动物3目18科54属89种及1亚种。其中,有鳞目12科43属77种及1亚种,龟鳖目5科10属11种,鳄形目1科1属1种。中国特有爬行动物20种。国家Ⅰ级和Ⅱ级重点保护野生动物分别为2种和5种,省级重点保护野生动物16种。《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》(CITES)附录Ⅰ收录7种、附录Ⅱ收录6种、附录Ⅲ收录2种。《世界自然保护联盟濒危物种红色名录》(IUCN-RL)极危物种(CR)2种、濒危物种(EN)6种,《中国脊椎动物红色名录》(RLCV)极危物种(CR)10种、濒危物种(EN)11种。浙江省爬行动物区系组成以东洋种为主(69种),广布种18种,古北种2种。生态类型以陆栖型为主(61种)。本研究可为爬行动物的系统分类、系统地理和生态学等研究提供基础资料,期望对于浙江省爬行动物的保护和管理有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      The checklist of extant, native reptiles of Zhejiang Province, China is updated based on Fauna of Zhejiang Amphibia & Reptilia in 1990 and newly published data to October 2019, along with its fauna being analyzed. In total, 89 reptile species and one subspecies are recorded in Zhejiang, belonging to 54 genera, 18 families and three orders (Table 1, Appendix). Among these reptiles, there are 77 species and one subspecies of Squamata (belonging to 43 genera and 12 families), 11 species of Testudines (belonging to 10 genera and five families) and one species of Crocodylia (in one genus and one family) (Table 2). Among them, twenty species are endemic to China; two species, five species and 16 species are listed as the national first-grade, national second-grade and provincial key protected species, respectively. Furthermore, seven species are listed by CITES appendices I; six species by CITES appendices II; two species by CITES appendices III, respectively. According to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN-RL), two species and six species are listed as critically endangered (CR) and endangered (EN), respectively. Ten species and 11 species are listed in the Red List of China’s Vertebrates (RLCV) as critically endangered (CR) and endangered (EN) (Appendix 1). By realm, oriental species are dominant (69 species), and the others are widespread species (18 species) and palaearctic species (two species) (Table 3). By ecotype, terrestrial species are dominant (61 species) (Table 4). The results can be used as basic data for the systematics, phylogeography and ecology of reptile. This study has an important guiding significance to protect and monitor the reptiles in Zhejiang Province, China.
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