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程松林,雷平,吴淑玉,艾亮,毛夷仙.2021.武夷山区产鸟类模式种和亚种 记述及其资源概况.动物学杂志,56(2):190-198.
武夷山区产鸟类模式种和亚种 记述及其资源概况
Description and Resource Profile of the Type Bird Species or Subspecies in Wuyi Mountain Areas, China
投稿时间:2019-11-11  修订日期:2021-03-08
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202102004
中文关键词:  地模标本  产地记录  资源调查  鸟类  武夷山区
英文关键词:Topotype  Origin record  Resources survey  Birds  Wuyi Mountain
基金项目:财政部和国家林业草原局国家级自然保护区能力建设项目(2018年)
作者单位E-mail
程松林 江西武夷山国家级自然保护区 铅山 334500 songlin513@126.com 
雷平 江西武夷山国家级自然保护区 铅山 334500 1291463370@qq.com 
吴淑玉 江西武夷山国家级自然保护区 铅山 334500 wyswshy@163.com 
艾亮 江西武夷山国家级自然保护区 铅山 334500 542055024@qq.com 
毛夷仙 江西武夷山国家级自然保护区 铅山 334500 chengsl513@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      武夷山是中国东南陆域生物多样性保护的关键地区之一。检索《中国动物志·鸟纲》和《中国鸟类分布名录》(2版),记录有模式种(亚种)产地为武夷山及其邻近区域的鸟类模式种11种,包括单型种5种,即黑眉柳莺(Phylloscopus ricketti)、棕噪鹛(Garrulax berthemyi)、白喉林鹟(Cyornis brunneatus)、棕腹大仙鹟(Niltava davidi)和蓝鹀(Emberiza siemsseni),以及指名亚种6种,即白眉山鹧鸪(Arboricola gingica gingica)、黄腹角雉(Tragopan caboti caboti)、白斑尾柳莺(Phylloscopus ogilviegranti ogilviegranti)、短尾鸦雀(Neosuthora davidiana davidiana)、华南斑胸钩嘴鹛(Erythrogenys swinhoei swinhoei)和红尾噪鹛(Trochalopteron milnei milnei),另有其他亚种31种。其中,产地记录为“挂墩”和“武夷山”31种(亚种),记录为“邵武”和“光泽”2种(亚种),记录为“福建西北部”和“南平或野猫坑”9种(亚种)。在近80年的武夷山区鸟类调查中,这些鸟类模式种(亚种)记录情况分别为:1938至1963年郑作新等记录28种,2004至2011年程松林等记录40种,而红尾噪鹛(Trochalopteron milnei milnei)和蓝鹀(Emberiza siemsseni)在前述两部分调查中均没有记录。依据程松林等调查记录的40鸟种进一步分析,其中,留鸟26种、夏候鸟10种、冬候鸟3种、旅鸟1种;常见7种、易见19种、少见12种、罕见2种。分析结果表明,模式种(亚种)产地为武夷山及其邻近区域的40种鸟类,作为宝贵的地模标本资源,在江西武夷山国家级自然保护区内得到了较好的保护,对我国鸟类分类与区系分布、鸟类生物地理学和保护遗传学等方面的研究具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      Wuyi mountain is one of the key biodiversity conservation areas in Southeast China. A total of 11 type bird species, including 5 monotypic species, Sulphur-breasted Warbler (Phylloscopus ricketti), Buffy Laughingthrush (Garrulax berthemyi), Brown-chested Jungle Flycatcher (Cyornis brunneatus), Fujian Niltava (Niltava davidi), Slaty Bunting (Emberiza siemsseni), 6 Nominate subspecies, White-neecklaced Hill Partridge (Arboricola gingica gingica), Cabot’ s Tragopan (Tragopan caboti caboti), Kloss’ s Leaf Warbler (Phylloscopus ogilviegranti ogilviegranti), Short-tailed Parrotbill (Neosuthora davidiana davidiana), Grey-sided Scimitar Babbler (Erythrogenys swinhoei swinhoei), Red-tailed Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron milnei milnei) and 31 Other subspecies originating in Wuyi mountain and adjacent areas were recorded by Fauna Sinica Aves and A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China (2nd edition). Among them, 31 species (subspecies) were from Guadun and Wuyishan, 2 from Shaowu and Guangze, and 9 from northwest of Fujian and Nanping or Yemaokeng. Of these 42 type bird species found in the Wuyi Mountain area, according to the bird surveys for past 80 years, 28 species were recorded from 1938 to 1963, 40 species were recorded from 2004 to 2011, however, the Red-tailed Laughingthrush Trochalopteron milnei milnei and the Staty Bunting Emberiza siemsseni were not recorded. Among the 40 bird species been recorded, 26 species were residents, 10 species were summer visitors, three species were winter visitors, and one species was passage migrant. For bird abundance, seven species were common, 19 species were fairly common, 12 species were uncommon, and two species were rare. Our analysis showed that the 40 type bird species were effectively protected in the Jiangxi Wuyishan National Nature Reserve. As valuable topotype of birds, they are important resources for the research of avian fauna, biogeography and conservation genetics in China.
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