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刘巧,陈冬梅,张龙,王彬,陈黎,张敬,周材权.2021.四川蜂桶寨笼养绿尾虹雉的饲养繁殖.动物学杂志,56(1):131-136.
四川蜂桶寨笼养绿尾虹雉的饲养繁殖
Artificial Breeding of Captive Chinese Monals (Lophophorus lhuysii) in the Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province
投稿时间:2020-02-16  修订日期:2020-10-13
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202101017
中文关键词:  绿尾虹雉  笼养  繁殖  受精  人工孵化
英文关键词:Chinese Monals  Captive  Breed  Fertilization  Artificial incubation
基金项目:四川省科技厅应用基础研究项目(No. 2015JY0249),西华师范大学英才基金项目(No. 463366)
作者单位E-mail
刘巧 西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室 南充 637009 1010244007@qq.com 
陈冬梅 西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室 南充 637009 西华师范大学生态研究院 南充 637009 cdmfjm@163.com 
张龙 西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室 南充 637009 西华师范大学生态研究院 南充 637009 long.zhang@cwnu.edu.cn 
王彬 西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室 南充 637009 西华师范大学生态研究院 南充 637009 wangbin513@outlook.com 
陈黎 四川宝兴蜂桶寨国家级自然保护区 宝兴 625700 756861256@qq.com 
张敬 北京动物园重点实验室 北京 100044 zhangjing0468@126.com 
周材权 西南野生动植物资源保护教育部重点实验室 南充 637009西华师范大学生态研究院 南充 637009 drcqzhou1@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      为提高笼养绿尾虹雉(Lophophorus lhuysi)的繁殖能力,2018和2019年在四川蜂桶寨进行了笼养绿尾虹雉的人工繁育研究。8只(3♂,5♀)成年绿尾虹雉分别饲养在4个笼舍中,其中,2个笼舍1雄1雌,1笼舍1雄2雌,1笼舍1雌鸟单养。两年笼养绿尾虹雉共产受精卵16枚,受精率44.44%,人工孵化出雏12只,孵化率75%。孵卵过程中日卵重损失量(Y1)与孵卵天数(X)之间的回归方程:Y1 = 0.375 + 0.001 X(F = 2.995,P > 0.05),日卵重损失量与孵卵天数相关性不显著。卵重(Y2)与孵卵天数(X)极显著相关,Y2 = 83.451﹣0.385X(R2 = 1,P < 0.01)。总之,在现有条件下,建造适宜的绿尾虹雉笼养设施,改进人工孵化条件,是目前提高笼养绿尾虹雉繁殖性能的关键。
英文摘要:
      In 2018 and 2019, in order to improve their reproductive performance, we conducted artificial breeding studies of captive Chinese Monals (Lophophorus lhuysii) in the Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province. Eight (3♂, 5♀) adult individuals were raised in 4 cages, of which 2 cages were 1 male and 1 female, 1 cage was 1 male and 2 females, and 1 cage was 1 female. In 2018 and 2019, 16 fertilized eggs were collected, with a fertilized rate of 44.44% (Table 1). Of these, 12 were artificially hatched, with a hatching rate of 75%. The regression equation between daily egg weight loss (Y1) and hatching days (X) during incubation is Y1 = 0.375 + 0.001 X (F = 2.995, P > 0.05), indicating the correlation between them is not significant. The regression equation of egg weight (Y2) and hatching days (X) is Y2 = 83.451﹣0.385X (R2 = 1, P < 0.01), which showed a significant correlation (Fig. 1). In conclusion, under the present conditions, the key to improve the breeding performance of captive Chinese Monals is to construct suitable cage breeding facilities and improve the artificial hatching conditions.
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