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杜枫林,张淑萍,丁长青.2020.鸟类应激反应的诱发和影响因素.动物学杂志,55(4):518-531.
鸟类应激反应的诱发和影响因素
Inducement and Influencing Factors of Avian Stress Response
投稿时间:2020-03-11  修订日期:2020-07-09
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202004014
中文关键词:  鸟类  应激反应  应激响应  皮质酮  个性
英文关键词:Bird  Stress response  Stress reaction  Corticosterone  Personality
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31772483)
作者单位E-mail
杜枫林 北京林业大学生态与自然保护学院 北京 100083 1020407500@qq.com 
张淑萍 中央民族大学生命与环境科学学院 北京 100081 springzsp@sina.com 
丁长青 北京林业大学生态与自然保护学院 北京 100083 cqding@bjfu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      应激反应是动物应对环境变化或社会压力的重要机制,表现为下丘脑-垂体-肾上腺轴(HPA轴)被激活并产生糖皮质激素。鸟类的糖皮质激素主要是皮质酮。通过检测鸟类体内的皮质酮水平,可以了解鸟类的应激状态水平,进而了解诱发和影响鸟类应激反应的因素,这有助于理解鸟类如何适应环境、如何权衡生活史各阶段的能量分配等。而通过长期监测动物个体的生存和应激状况,对濒危鸟类的保育工作也具有重要参考价值。本文综述了诱发鸟类应激反应的因素,包括天气、捕食压力、食物可获得性、人为干扰和城市化以及社会压力等。归纳出影响鸟类应激反应程度的主要因素,包括光周期、生境、性别、年龄、社会等级和早期经历等8个方面。提出了应激反应在个性、认知、系统发育等领域的应用,以及慢性应激、羽毛皮质酮检测等值得关注的内容。
英文摘要:
      Stress response is an important mechanism for animals to cope with environmental or social stress. It is characterized by activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) and production of glucocorticoids, which is corticosterone in most bird species. The corticosterone level of a bird can be utilized to determine whether it is under stress, to identify the factors that may induce or influence such stress response, and ultimately, to reveal the mechanism of how the birds adapting to the environmental changes and balancing the energy distribution in different stages of life history. Furthermore, the long-term monitoring of corticosterone level can also provide the survival and health status of individuals, which important implications for conservation of endangered birds. This paper reviewed the factors that induce stress response in birds, including weather, predation pressure, food availability, human interference, urbanization and social stress; summarized the factors that may affect the degree of stress response of birds, including photoperiod, habitat, gender, age, social class and early experience. Moreover, this review also outlined the research contents with high potential for further research, including feather corticosterone determination, chronic stress as well as the application of stress response in the fields of animal personality, cognition and system development.
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