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温战强,王开锋,李建强,巩会生.2008.陕西米仓山自然保护区夏秋季鸟类调查.动物学杂志,43(2):81-90.
陕西米仓山自然保护区夏秋季鸟类调查
Survey on the Birds of Shaanxi Micangshan Nature Reserve in Summer and Autumn
投稿时间:2007-09-13  修订日期:2008-01-20
DOI:
中文关键词:  米仓山  自然保护区  鸟类区系
英文关键词:Micangshan Mountain  Nature reserve  Avifauna
基金项目:陕西米仓山自然保护区综合科学考察专项经费
作者单位
温战强 北京师范大学生命科学学院生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室 北京 100875
国家林业局湿地与野生动植物监测中心 北京 100714 
王开锋 陕西省动物研究所 西安 710032 
李建强 北京师范大学生命科学学院生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室 北京 100875 
巩会生 陕西佛坪国家级自然保护区 佛坪 723400 
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中文摘要:
      2006年7~10月,对陕西米仓山自然保护区的鸟类资源进行了调查研究。结果显示,保护区鸟类13目37科81属125种(亚种),鸟类种数分别占秦岭鸟类总种数的36.98%及陕西省鸟类总种数的33.42%。其中国家Ⅰ级重点保护野生动物1种,国家Ⅱ级重点保护野生动物12种,陕西省省级重点保护野生动物4种;我国特有鸟类13种;CITES附录Ⅱ鸟类10种。按区系成分划分,东洋种57种,古北种37种,广布种27种。按居留型划分,留鸟89种,夏候鸟32种,冬候鸟2种,旅鸟2种。与陕西佛坪、重庆大巴山等周边保护区相比,米仓山保护区的鸟类多样性比较丰富,区系成分以东洋种为主,并具有东洋界和古北界过渡区的特征。
英文摘要:
      The survey on the birds was carried out from July to October 2006 in Shaanxi Micangshan Nature Reserve,Shaanxi Province.The results showed that there were 125 species (sub-species) of birds recorded in the reserve,belonging to 13 orders,37 families and 81 genera,accounting for 36.98% of Qinling Mountains and 33.42% of Shaanxi Province total species of birds respectively.Among these birds,1 species has been listed as the national first-grade and 12 species as the national second-grade wildlife of China for protection,4 species listed as the provincial key protected wildlife of Shaanxi Province; 13 species are of endemic to China and 10 species listed in Appendix Ⅱ of CITES.According to the type of avifauna,57 species belong to the Oriental realm,37 species to the Palaearctic realm and 27 species to the both realms.According to the type of migration,89 species belong to the residents,32 species to the summer breeders,2 species to the winter migrants and 2 species to the passengers.Comparing with Shaanxi Foping,Chongqing Dabashan Nature Reserves etc.,Micangshan Reserve has higher bird diversity,with dominance of Oriental type of avifauna and characteristics of transitional region from the Oriental realm to Palaearctic realm.
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