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陈德来,马正学,普布,巴桑.2011.拉萨拉鲁湿地夏季土壤动物的群落特征.动物学杂志,46(5):1-7.
拉萨拉鲁湿地夏季土壤动物的群落特征
Characteristics of Soil Animal Community in Lhalu Wetlands during the Summer
投稿时间:2011-02-18  修订日期:2011-07-05
DOI:
中文关键词:  拉鲁湿地  土壤无脊椎动物  群落特征  拉萨市西北部
英文关键词:Lhalu Wetland  Soil animal component  Community characteristics  Northwest of Lhasa City
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
陈德来 西北师范大学生命科学学院 兰州 730070  
马正学 西北师范大学生命科学学院 兰州 730070 mzhx53@163.com 
普布 西藏大学理学院 拉萨 850000  
巴桑 西北师范大学生命科学学院 兰州 730070
西藏大学理学院 拉萨 850000 
 
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中文摘要:
      2010年6~7月,对拉鲁湿地5个生境的土壤动物进行了调查,共捕获大型和中小型干生土壤动物41类,18 446只,隶属于3门7纲14目32科17属。土壤动物的优势类群为线蚓科,占总捕获量的10.95%。常见类群有27类,占总捕获量的84.63%,其中螨类占总捕获量的32.5%,弹尾类占总捕获量的31.43%。各生境的土壤动物数量和种类在土壤各层的垂直分布具有明显的表聚性。5个生境分布的土壤动物Shannon-Weiner多样性指数(H')从大到小依次为3#>5#>4#>1#>2#。5个生境间土壤动物的相似程度由极不相似到中等不相似(S值为 0.105~0.400)。
英文摘要:
      Macro- and mid- soil animal was sampled from five quadrates (20 m×20 m each) to presented the soil community of Lhalu Wetlands in June and July 2010 of the study area.Total of 18 446 species,belonging to 3 phyla,7 classes,14 orders,32 families and 17 genera were recorded.Individuals belonged to Enchytraeidae was dominant and accounted for 10.95% of the total sampled specimen.About 84.63% of the total individuals were the component of 27 groups (family or genus) which are considered common groups.Among those common group,Acari and Collembola accounted for 32.5% and 31.43% of sampled individuals.The soil animals mainly distributed in the soil surface layer in the sampled quadrates.The value of diversity index H' in each samples from highest to lowest was in the order 3#>5#>4#>1#>2#.The species similarity among the 5 samples were either medium or extreme dissimilarity (S was 0.105-0.400),respectively.
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