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石美,孙悦华,温安祥,方昀.2013.甘肃莲花山斑尾榛鸡的春季领域行为.动物学杂志,48(5):665-672.
甘肃莲花山斑尾榛鸡的春季领域行为
Spring Territory Behavior of the Chinese Grouse (Tetrastes sewerzowi) at Lianhuashan, Gansu, China
投稿时间:2013-06-29  修订日期:2013-09-06
DOI:
中文关键词:  斑尾榛鸡  领域行为  领域保护  莲花山
英文关键词:Chinese Grouse (Tetrastes sewerzowi)  Territory behavior  Territory defense  Lianhuashan
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No.30870305)
作者单位E-mail
石美 中国科学院动物研究所 北京 100101
四川农业大学生命科学与理学院 雅安 625014 
 
孙悦华 中国科学院动物研究所 北京 100101  
温安祥 四川农业大学生命科学与理学院 雅安 625014  
方昀 中国科学院动物研究所 北京 100101 fangyun@ioz.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      斑尾榛鸡(Tetrastes sewerzowi)为我国特有松鸡科鸟类,仅分布于我国中西部地区的高山针叶林中,为国家Ⅰ级重点保护野生动物。斑尾榛鸡雄鸟在春季繁殖季节占据并保卫领域。2012年4~5月,在甘肃省莲花山自然保护区,利用录音回放和放置标本模型模仿入侵者的方法,研究斑尾榛鸡的领域行为,重点关注斑尾榛鸡雄鸟领域行为的个体差异,以及与配对时间和领域质量的关系。研究发现,斑尾榛鸡的领域行为依据对入侵者驱赶程度不同分为观察确认、警告、追逐、对峙、跳起打斗5个阶段。斑尾榛鸡领域行为中会发出警告鸣叫,分析表明可分为4种类型。通过对6只无线电遥测斑尾榛鸡个体的实验研究,发现其个体间领域行为的强弱存在显著差异;配对前后领域行为的强弱也存在显著差异;而这种竞争力与雄鸟领域内柳树盖度显著相关。
英文摘要:
      Chinese Grouse (Tetrastes sewerzowi) is an endemic bird distributed in the alpine coniferous forest in central and western China, and listed as first rank of national key protected wild animals. To investigate the spring territory behavior of the Chinese Grouse, we conducted decoy experiment at Lianhuashan Nature Reserve in Gansu Province of west China during April-May in 2012. We aimed to assess the differences of territority among individuals and in different periods of the breeding season, and analyzed the correlation between aggressiveness and territory quality. We found that the territory defense behavior can be divided into five levels according to the aggressiveness, including identification, alarm, chasing, confrontation and jumping combat. We also detected 4 types of alarm calls. According to the decoy expriment of 6 radioed males, we found male territory defense behavior varied significantly among individuals, and males were significantly more aggressive when not paired. The aggressiveness of males was related to the willow cover in their territories.
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