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邢晶晶,黄广传,彭超,伍诗琪,张志麒,张洪茂.2021.神农架大九湖湿地公园及周边区域 两栖动物和爬行动物概况.动物学杂志,56(1):28-39.
神农架大九湖湿地公园及周边区域 两栖动物和爬行动物概况
Amphibians and Reptiles in Shennongjia Dajiuhu Wetland Park and Its Nearby Areas
投稿时间:2020-07-19  修订日期:2021-01-06
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202101004
中文关键词:  神农架大九湖湿地公园  两栖动物  爬行动物  物种多样性  生态
英文关键词:Shennongjia Dajiuhu Wetland Park  Amphibians  Reptiles  Species diversity  Ecological-based conservation and management
基金项目:神农架国家公园管理局项目(No.【2016】201606)
作者单位E-mail
邢晶晶 华中师范大学生命科学学院进化与生态学研究所 武汉 430079 1730082319@qq.com 
黄广传 华中师范大学生命科学学院进化与生态学研究所 武汉 430079 526332801@qq.com 
彭超 华中师范大学生命科学学院进化与生态学研究所 武汉 430079 1123919526@qq.com 
伍诗琪 华中师范大学生命科学学院进化与生态学研究所 武汉 430079 595491084@qq.com 
张志麒 神农架国家公园管理局 神农架 442400 70574284@qq.com 
张洪茂 华中师范大学生命科学学院进化与生态学研究所 武汉 430079 zhanghm@ccnu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      神农架大九湖湿地公园独具特色的高山湿地生态系统孕育了独具特色的动植物资源,但其两栖动物和爬行动物物种多样性尚未报道。为此,2016至2018年对该区域的两栖动物和爬行动物进行了调查。共记录两栖动物21种,隶属于2目8科。其中,东洋种17种,古北种1种,广布种3种;湖北省级保护动物12种;IUCN收录21种,其中棘腹蛙(Quasipaa boulengeri)为濒危级(EN),秦巴巴鲵(Liua tsinpaensis)、棘胸蛙(Q. spinosa)为易危级(VU);《中国脊椎动物红色名录》收录21种;中国特有种10种,主要分布于中国的有5种。共记录爬行动物31种,隶属于2目13科。其中,东洋种23种,古北种1种,广布种7种;湖北省级保护动物8种;IUCN收录24种,其中,乌龟(Mauremys reevesii)为濒危级(EN),舟山眼镜蛇(Naja atra)为易危级(VU);CITES附录II收录舟山眼镜蛇、附录III收录乌龟;《中国脊椎动物红色名录》收录11种;中国特有种12种,主要分布于中国的有13种。结果表明,该区域的两栖动物和爬行动物具有种类较多、东洋界物种占优势、中国特有种及受保护物种较多的特点。调查结果有助于全面了解神农架大九湖湿地公园生物资源概况,为科学保护和管理提供基础资料。 保护
英文摘要:
      In order to understand the resources of amphibians and reptiles in the Shennongjia Dajiuhu Wetland Park, a sparse type of subalpine wetland in China, 12 field surveys were conducted between 2016 and 2018. A total of 16 line-transects (200﹣300 m length) and 24 point-counts (50 m radius) for amphibians, 12 line-transects and 10 point-counts for reptiles were setup for field survey. Questionnaire investigations about amphibians and reptiles were also conducted in 7 local residents. A total of 21 species (2 orders and 8 families) of amphibians were recorded, including 12 species were recorded by field investigation, 2 species were recorded by interview, and 7 species were recorded by references. Seventeen amphibians were oriental realm species, 1 was palaearctic realm species, and 3 were widespread species. Twelve species were listed as Hubei key protected animals; 21 species were listed in the IUCN Red List of Threated Species, including 1 endangered species of Quasipaa boulengeri, and 2 vulnerable species of Liua tsinpaensis and Q. spinosa, and 10 species were endemic to China (Appendix 1). A total of 31 species of reptiles, representing 2 orders and 13 families, were recorded during the period of investigation. Fourteen reptiles were recorded by field investigation, 14 species were recorded by interview, and 3 species were recorded by references. Of them 23 species were oriental realm species, 1 was palaearctic realm species, and 7 were widespread species. Eight species were listed as Hubei key protected animals; 24 species were listed in the IUCN Red List of Threated Species, including 1 endangered species of Mauremys reevesii, and 1 vulnerable species of Naja atra; N, atra was listed in the CITES Appendix II and M. reevesii was listed in the CITES Appendix III; and 12 species were endemic to China (Appendix 2). These results suggest that the amphibians and reptiles in the Shennongjia Dajiuhu Wetland Park are characterized by oriental realm species, endangered species and endemic species to China. This study provides basic data for further research, and for ecological-based conservation and management in biodiversity in the Shennongjia Dajiuhu Wetland Park.
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