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李旺明,邹发生.2024.广东常见森林鸟类的繁殖习性记述.动物学杂志,59(2):181-189.
广东常见森林鸟类的繁殖习性记述
Nesting Characteristics of 12 Common Forest Birds in Two Nature Reserves, Guangdong, China
投稿时间:2022-12-30  
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202422334
中文关键词:  繁殖生态  12种森林鸟类  广东
英文关键词:Breeding ecology  Twelve forest birds  Guangdong
基金项目:广东省动物志编制项目(No. 202115),广州市科技计划项目(No. 202103000065);
作者单位
李旺明 广东省科学院动物研究所广东省动物保护与资源利用重点实验室广东省野生动物保护与利用公共实验室 广州 510260 
邹发生 广东省科学院动物研究所广东省动物保护与资源利用重点实验室广东省野生动物保护与利用公共实验室 广州 510260 
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中文摘要:
      2016和2017年,在广东鼎湖山国家级自然保护区及广东同乐大山省级自然保护区,用行为观察法和微型摄像机记录了淡眉雀鹛(Alcippe hueti)、红嘴相思鸟(Leiothrix lutea)、栗颈凤鹛(Staphida torqueola)和褐顶雀鹛(Schoeniparus brunneus)等12种鸟类的繁殖习性。描述了它们的巢特征、卵重、卵大小、窝卵数及育雏等繁殖参数。研究发现:1)与历史数据相比,经过近30年的时间,在广东鼎湖山的淡眉雀鹛筑巢高度增加;2)与国内其他地区相比,红嘴相思鸟的筑巢高度也增加;3)发现乌鹃(Surniculus lugubris)和棕腹鹰鹃(Hierococcyx nisicolor)将淡眉雀鹛巢中的淡眉雀鹛雏鸟移出巢外;4)发现淡眉雀鹛亲鸟将其巢中的鸟卵和雏鸟移出巢外。
英文摘要:
      [Objectives] Monitoring nesting characteristics is one way to track the reproductive success of a species. [Methods] Based on personal observations and videos collected by micro-camera, we describe the nesting characteristics of Huet’s Fulvetta Alcippe hueti, Red-billed Leiothrix Leiothrix lutea, Indochinese Yuhina Staphida torqueola, Dusky Fulvetta Schoeniparus brunneus, Rufous-capped Babbler Cyanoderma ruficeps, Streak-breasted Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus ruficollis, White-tailed Robin Myiomela leucura, Lesser Shortwing Brachypteryx leucophris, Mountain Bulbul Ixos mcclellandii, Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus, Black-throated Prinia Prinia atrogularis, and Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris (Fig. 1). Surveys were conducted in Guangdong Dinghushan National Nature Reserve and Guangdong Tongledashan Province Nature Reserve between 2016﹣2017. Nesting characteristics examined include nest composition, nest height, egg weight, egg size, clutch size, and incubation period. [Results] Based on these characteristics we found:1) Huet’s Fulvetta in Dinghushan, nest height has increased compared to our results from 1989; 2) compared to other studies in China, Red-billed Leiothrix in our study had higher nests; 3) this was the first report that Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris and Whistling Hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx nisicolor removed fledglings of Huet’s Fulvetta. 4) We also found the behavior of removing egg and nestlings by adult Huet’s Fulvetta. [Conclusion] Our results provide the basis for the future research on the life-history strategies of birds in Guangdong.
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