• 首页关于本刊期刊订阅编委会作者指南过刊浏览
樊慧敏,彭开松,邹文腾,鲁义善,程起群.2021.安徽某淡水龙虾养殖群体分类的分子标记筛选.动物学杂志,56(3):441-448.
安徽某淡水龙虾养殖群体分类的分子标记筛选
Screening of Molecular Markers for Classification in Cultured Population of Freshwater Crayfish in Anhui, China
投稿时间:2020-09-29  修订日期:2021-03-11
DOI:10.13859/j.cjz.202103014
中文关键词:  线粒体基因  淡水龙虾  四脊滑螯虾  分类  分子标记
英文关键词:Mitochondrial DNA  Australian freshwater crayfish  Cherax quadricarinatus  Classification  Molecular markers
基金项目:安徽省现代农业产业技术体系项目(皖农科[2016]84号),安徽省重点研究与开发计划项目(No. 1704g07020123),广东省现代农业产业体系专项资金(No. 2019KJ141)
作者单位E-mail
樊慧敏 水产养殖健康与公共卫生实验室安徽农业大学动物科技学院 合肥 230036 广东省水生动物健康评估工程技术研究中心广东海洋大学深圳研究院 深圳 518120 553891740@qq.com 
彭开松 水产养殖健康与公共卫生实验室安徽农业大学动物科技学院 合肥 230036 kaisongpeng@ahau.edu.cn 
邹文腾 水产养殖健康与公共卫生实验室安徽农业大学动物科技学院 合肥 230036 zouwenteng@163.com 
鲁义善 广东省水生动物健康评估工程技术研究中心广东海洋大学深圳研究院 深圳 518120 fishdis@163.com 
程起群 农业部东海与海洋渔业资源开发利用重点实验室中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 上海 200090 chengqq@ecsf.ac.cn 
摘要点击次数: 223
全文下载次数: 153
中文摘要:
      为筛选可用于淡水龙虾养殖群体物种分类的分子标记,对安徽省某水产养殖有限公司采集的淡水龙虾样本进行了线粒体COⅠ、16S rDNA、D-loop、Cyt b及12S rDNA基因的测序分析,并与GenBank中30个滑螯虾属(Cherax)物种的相应基因序列比对,同时,进行上述5种分子标记在种内个体间、属内种间、科内属间和目内科间的同源性变异范围比对分析。结果显示,本研究所采集淡水龙虾样本与四脊滑螯虾(C. quadricarinatus)的相似性最高,其中,1 113 bp的Cyt b相似性100%,COⅠ、16S rDNA及12S rDNA相似性都在99%以上;在以克氏原螯虾(Procambarus clarkii)为外类群构建的邻接系统发育树中,本研究样本与四脊滑螯虾聚为一支,然后与其他物种聚合构成系统树,确定本研究采集的淡水龙虾样本为四脊滑螯虾;通过同源性变异范围比对分析,在淡水龙虾养殖群体的分子分类工作中,16S rDNA、Cyt b及12S rDNA比COⅠ和D-loop这2种分子标记具有较强优势。本研究结果可为今后淡水龙虾养殖场中物种的分类鉴定工作提供参考。
英文摘要:
      An experiment was conducted to screen molecular markers that can be used for classification of populations of cultured freshwater crayfish samples collected in Anhui, China. After genome extracting, PCR amplifying and sequencing of COⅠ, 16S rDNA, D-loop, Cyt b and 12S rDNA of the samples were performed, and the neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree and genetic distance in MEGA6.06 were used to compare the samples with 30 species recorded in GenBank. The reliability of neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree was tested by 1 000 times bootstrap and the genetic distance was calculated based on kimura-2-parameter nucleotide substitution model. In the neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree (Fig. 1) constructed with Procambarus clarkii as an outgroup, the samples first clustered together with red claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) and then constituted a relationship to other species, strongly showing that the samples should be classified as C. quadricarinatus. The genetic distance range (Table 3) showed that the average genetic distances of 16S rDNA, Cyt b and 12S rDNA were increasing from intraspecific individual to intra order interfamily, and were not at the same level, so that they can probably be better used in cultured population. The results from this paper will benefit the people working in the crayfish farm, and provide reference for classification of freshwater crayfish in the future.
附件
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器