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包新康,刘迺发,郭秉堂,郭彩琴.2012.甘肃黑河内陆河湿地自然保护区候鸟多样性.动物学杂志,47(2):59-66.
甘肃黑河内陆河湿地自然保护区候鸟多样性
Bird Species Diversity in Heihe Inland River Nature Reserve
投稿时间:2011-09-28  修订日期:2012-01-05
DOI:
中文关键词:  黑河  内陆河  候鸟  多样性
英文关键词:Heihe River  Inland river  Migrator  Diversity
基金项目:
作者单位
包新康 兰州大学生命科学学院 兰州 730000 
刘迺发 兰州大学生命科学学院 兰州 730000 
郭秉堂 甘肃张掖黑河湿地国家级自然保护区管理局 张掖 734300 
郭彩琴 甘肃张掖黑河湿地国家级自然保护区管理局 张掖 734300 
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中文摘要:
      甘肃黑河为我国第二大内陆河,位于其中游的黑河湿地自然保护区为内陆河流湿地生态系统自然保护区。2008年分季节采用样线法和样点法调查该保护区湿地、农田村庄、人工林和荒漠4种生境的鸟类种类和数量。调查共记录保护区分布的鸟类17目35科116种,其中夏候鸟73种(占鸟类种类的62.93%),迁徙过路鸟20种(占17.24%),留鸟17种(占14.66%),冬候鸟6种(占5.17%)。其中,属于《湿地公约》的水禽56种。在湿地生境共记录鸟类70种,占保护区鸟类种数的60.34%,其中繁殖期在湿地生境栖息的鸟类有50种,绝大部分为夏候鸟(47种),留鸟只有3种;迁徙季节分布有44种鸟类,其中迁徙过路鸟(只在迁徙季节见到)有17种,占迁徙季节鸟类种类数的38.64%。村庄农田、人工林以及荒漠生境中,繁殖期和迁飞期共记录鸟类57种,夏候鸟有33种,留鸟有17种,迁徙过路鸟只有3种。甘肃张掖黑河湿地保护区是众多水禽在我国西北地区的重要繁殖地和迁徙停歇地,是我国候鸟迁徙西部路线上的关键区域。
英文摘要:
      Gansu Heihe River National Nature Reserve,which located in the middle river basin of the second large inland river of China,is a sort of wetland ecosystem reserve.The bird richness and abundance of the breeding season (from May to August) and the migration season (March to April and September to October) in this area were surveyed in 2008 by the methods of line transect and fixed-radius point count in four types of habitats (wetlands,farm village,plantation and desert).A total of 116 bird species belonging to 17 Orders and 35 Families were recorded in this survey,which includes 73 summer visitors,20 migratory crossing birds,17 residents and 6 wintering birds.In wetland habitats,50 bird species including 47 summer visitors were observed in breeding season and 44 bird species including 17 migratory crossing birds in migration season,but in other habitats (farm village,plantation and desert),the breeding birds consist of 33 summer visitors and 17 residents,the migratory crossing birds only contribute 3 species.These results indicate that the Reserve is very rich in summer visitor birds and migratory crossing birds,which distributed mostly in the wetland habitats,and suggested that the Reserve is the important breeding site and stopover for migratory birds in the northwest of China.
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